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lateral inhibition

Antagonistic neural interaction between adjacent regions of the retina.

ON-center cell

cell that depolarizes in response to an increase in light intensity in its receptive field center.

visual acuity

measure of finest detail that can be resolved by the eyes.

bipolar cells

Retinal cells that synapse with either rods or cones (not both) and with horizontal cells, and then pass the signals on to ganglion cells.

OFF bipolar cells

Bipolar cells that respond to a decrease in light captured by the cones.


light sensitive receptors in the retina

ganglion cells

Retinal cells that receive visual information from photoreceptors via two intermediate neuron types (bipolar cells and amacrine cells) and transmit that information to the brain and midbrain.

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