Cultural & Spiritual Awareness Ch 21
Terms in this set (43)
consist of the values, beliefs, and practices shared by the majority within a group of people
concerns the spirit, or soul, and is an element of religion.
is a formalized system of belief and worship
are convictions or opinions that one considers to be true.
is a belief that cannot be proven, or for which no material evidence exists.
a person who doesn't believe in the existence of God
is a person who doubts the existence of God, because it cannot be proved or disproved.
the largest religion in the world
Three main divisions of christianity
roman catholic, eastern orthodox, and the protestant faith
is one of the fastest growing religions in the world.
orthodox, conservative, reform, and reconstructionist: leader is called a rabbi
food is prepared according to Jewish dietary laws during slaughter, processing, and packaging.
the act of circumcising performed on males eight days after birth as a Jewish:(preformed by a man called mohel) and Muslim religious rite
is a biologic way of categorizing people. based on physical characteristics
Three basic races
white(people from europe, western russia, north africa, the middle east, and southwest asia), Negro ( most africans) and mogoloid ( northern and eastern asians, pacific islanders, and some american indians.
groups found with in a race; these groupd are usually differentiated by geographic, religious, social, or language differences
are smaller groups within a culture whose members have similar views and goals in addition to or in place of those of the main culture
is a term used by Dr. Madeline Leininger to describe care that recognizes cultural diversity and sensitive to the cultural needs of the pt and family.
involves knowledge of a people's history and ancestry and appreciation for their artistic expressions, foods, and celebrations.
is refraining from using offensive language, respecting from speaking in ways that are disrespectful of a persons beliefs
involves knowing yourself, examining your own vaules, attitudes, beliefs, and prejudices
is the tendency of human beings to think that their ways of thinking, believing, and doing things are the only way or the way.
identifies common trends, patterns, and befiefs of a group
is a set opinion or beliefs about the group that is applied to an individual.
Bias or prejudice
positive or negative attitude or opinion that is unsupported by evidence
regional variations of the language with different pronunciation, grammar, or word meanings.
space acceptable between two people when conversing
dominated by men
dominated by women
equality between men and women
attention to mental, social, spiritual, and physical aspects; as a whole
universal life force or energy
the dark negative feminine principle in Chinese dualistic cosmology
the bright positive masculine principle in Chinese dualistic cosmology
folk healer (hispanic)
medicine man (american indians)
may be related to feelings of quilt and unworthiness if the pt views illness as punishment for wrongdoing or sin.
the way in which the group's people explain life events and view life's mysteries
Medication Safety - Asian and Hispanic
may stop taking meds due to side effects. deference to doctors and a natural reluctance to share very personal info
Medication Safety - African Americans and Native Americans
may doubt need for medication when symptoms ease, may discontinue drugs such as antibiotics or antidepressants before finished
Medication Safety - Vietnamese
may only take half of the prescribed dose, believing it is too strong
Medication Safety - Asians and Eskimos
need lower doses of anxiolytics than whites. Asians should be prescribed lower doses of antipsychotic drugs and lithium. Hispanics may do better w lower doses of antidepressants