Social studies, the medieval times
Review of Rome, the feudal system, and the roles of people/things in the feudal system.
Terms in this set (23)
Reasons why Rome fell
Political instability, high taxes, and unemployment
No peaceful resolution to transferring power between the emperors.
The Roman Empire needed money to fund their armies which caused people to become poor because of high taxes.
Large landowners used slave-labor, small land owners could not compete so they went looking in cities for work but when there wasn't any the crime rose.
Contributions to Roman society
Sculptures, mosaics, busts, frescos, murals. Domes, arches, aqueducts, tunnels, highways/ roads, concrete.
A power structure that developed during the medieval ages.
What did a feudal system provide?
It provided order and protection.
Social structure of the feudal system
Serfs-> peasants->knights-> lords/ladies-> monarchs
A peasant who is tied to the manor.
Someone who took an oath of loyalty to protect the monarch during times of war
Steps towards becoming a knight
Page-> squire-> knighthood
Accessories of a knight
Horse, armor, sword, code of arms.
Strong code of ideal behavior displayed by knights
Powerful land owner
Land given in exchange for loyalty
A large estate built on a fief
Different part of a castle for defense
Moat, keep, curtain wall, arrow slits, gatehouse, battlements.
A ditch surrounding the castle, it could be filled with wooden stakes or water.
It was the last defense when under battle, and it was used by archers.
It was a wall around the castle for archers to fire down at attackers
It was a narrow slit used by archers to fire at attackers, but to keep archers from getting hit by attackers.
The gatehouse was a gate that could be lowered or raised and was used to reinforce weak point in the castle.
What was the role of the church?
The church soon became somewhat part of chivalry that the knights were also fighting to protect the church.
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