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united nations

an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security

satellite nations

nations controlled by head nation

iron curain


cold war

a state of political conflict using means short of armed warfare


(military) the act of containing something or someone

Truman doctrine

President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology

marshall plan

a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)

berlin airlift

airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin


an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security

warsaw pact

treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain; USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania

collective security

a system for international peace

loyalty program

a promotional program designed to build long-term, mutually beneficial relationships between a company and its key customers

fall of china-1949


house un-american activities committee

an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. In 1969, the House changed the committee's name to "House Committee on Internal Security".When the House abolished the committee in 1975, its functions were transferred to the House Judiciary Committee


putting on a list to ostracize or punish


unscrupulously accusing people of disloyalty (as by saying they were Communists)

38th parallel

line of latitude that separated North and South Korea

korean war

a war between North and South Korea

millitary-industrial complex

phrase coined in Eisenhower's farewell address


the policy of pushing a dangerous situation to the brink of disaster (to the limits of safety)


a Russian artificial satellite

u-2 incident

The incident when an American U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union. The U.S. denied the true purpose of the plane at first, but was forced to when the U.S.S.R. produced the living pilot and the largely intact plane to validate their claim of being spied on aerially. The incident worsened East-West relations during the Cold War and was a great embarrassment for the United States.

cuban missile crisis

the 1962 confrontation bewteen US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba

berlin wall

a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West

peace corps

a civilian organization sponsored by the United States government

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