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Sadler Commission

Parliamentary investigation/report on child labor; children were overworked, frequently beaten, fatigued, sick, depressed


Reformers that wanted changes: universal male suffrage; the secret ballot; and payment for members of Parliament, so that even workingmen could afford to enter politics.


tax on imported goods


wealth in the form of money, property or tools


Woven or machine-knitted fabrics

handloom weavers

cottage industry workers that continued to work in their homes experiencing decades of declining trade and growing poverty in their unsuccessful competition with power looms and water frames

James Watt

improved the steam engine making it a revolutionary invention that would transform society

Thomas Malthus

supported the idea that the population would always be greater than the food supply so he promoted the concept of smaller families

David Ricardo

believed that people's salaries should only be enough to avoid starvation -also known as the "The Iron Law of Wages"

Robert Owen

Scottish manufacturer who fought against child labor and began an early union resulting in the concept socialism; give up choices to be protected by a superior


the right to vote

Richard Arkright

inventor of water frame that brought water power to textile making; developed the early factory system

Corn Laws

forbid the import of foreign grain which allowed wealthy English landowners to keep grain prices high

nouveau riche

those with newly acquired wealth, the wealth was often flaunted in industrial England; the "new rich"


advocates that government control of the means of production (resources); recognizes the existence of social classes


advocates that government control of the means of production (resources); does NOT believe social classes should exist because they will bring about war or class conflict


group of British workers between 1811 and 1816 that rioted and destroyed textile machinery in the belief that such machinery would eliminate their employment


the capitalist class during the Industrial Revolution--OWNS the means of production


a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages

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