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19 terms

BH Industrial Revolution

STUDY
PLAY
Sadler Commission
Parliamentary investigation/report on child labor; children were overworked, frequently beaten, fatigued, sick, depressed
Chartists
Reformers that wanted changes: universal male suffrage; the secret ballot; and payment for members of Parliament, so that even workingmen could afford to enter politics.
tariff
tax on imported goods
capital
wealth in the form of money, property or tools
textiles
Woven or machine-knitted fabrics
handloom weavers
cottage industry workers that continued to work in their homes experiencing decades of declining trade and growing poverty in their unsuccessful competition with power looms and water frames
James Watt
improved the steam engine making it a revolutionary invention that would transform society
Thomas Malthus
supported the idea that the population would always be greater than the food supply so he promoted the concept of smaller families
David Ricardo
believed that people's salaries should only be enough to avoid starvation -also known as the "The Iron Law of Wages"
Robert Owen
Scottish manufacturer who fought against child labor and began an early union resulting in the concept socialism; give up choices to be protected by a superior
suffrage
the right to vote
Richard Arkright
inventor of water frame that brought water power to textile making; developed the early factory system
Corn Laws
forbid the import of foreign grain which allowed wealthy English landowners to keep grain prices high
nouveau riche
those with newly acquired wealth, the wealth was often flaunted in industrial England; the "new rich"
socialism
advocates that government control of the means of production (resources); recognizes the existence of social classes
communism
advocates that government control of the means of production (resources); does NOT believe social classes should exist because they will bring about war or class conflict
Luddites
group of British workers between 1811 and 1816 that rioted and destroyed textile machinery in the belief that such machinery would eliminate their employment
bourgeoisie
the capitalist class during the Industrial Revolution--OWNS the means of production
proletariat
a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages