PSY 404 Exam 2

Collective Unconscious
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Terms in this set (52)
What are the central functions of the ego? [ego psychology]reality testing, judgment, modulating and controlling impulses, modulation of affect, & self-esteem regulationReality Testingindividual's capacity to understand and accept both physical and social reality as it's consensually defined within a given culture or cultural subgroup -capacity to distinguish between own wishes and fears [internal reality] and events that occur in the real world [external reality] -use ego to test reality [ability to do this depends on how strong/healthy ego is]Judgmentcoming to a conclusion on reality -plays a role on day-to-day items (ex: wearing a coat or not)Modulating and Controlling Impulsesbased on capacity to hold sexual and aggressive feelings in check without acting until ego has evaluated whether meet the individual's own moral standards and are accepted in terms of social norms -capacity to tolerate frustrations -impulse control depends on ability to exercise appropriate judgmentModulation of Affectego prevents painful or unacceptable reactions from entering conscious awareness -may be problematic because of too much or too little expressionSelf-Esteem Regulationcapacity to maintain a steady and reasonable level of positive self-regard in the face of distressing or frustrating external eventsobject relationsinternalize experiences of others and set up representations of others within ourselvesself-objectsignificant person or thing that satisfies a need or is the focus of one's feelings or drivesselfobject (self psychology)the person deals with objects as if they were part of the self (idealization), or in terms of the object performing an essential function for the self (mirroring of grandiosity)What are the 3 poles that fuel our self-love [narcissism]?grandiosity, idealization, twinshipPole 1: Grandiosity-mirror -put me on a pedestal: want to be told you are great -transmuting internalization -optimal frustrationtransmuting internalizationThe process whereby individuals learn how to mirror their own grandiosityoptimal frustrationWhen a self-object is needed, but not accessible, this will create a potential problem for the self, referred to as a "frustration" -don't need to lean on partner, can stand up on ownPole 2: Idealization-merge -put self-object on a pedestalPole 3: Twinshipfind someone who is similar to you -counseling setting: client has to be bale to see themselves in the counselorPhenomenologicalsubjective reality; object reality is not as important [Adler only cares about PERCEPTION]Holisticunity and individuality of the person; all aspect of a person has to be understood in relationship (context)Teleologygoal-oriented - think, feel, and act in relation to our goal - core value of Adler's theoryFictional Finalismimagined life goal that guides a person's behaviors (replaced with guiding self-ideal) - " only when I am perfect can I be accepted," "only when I am important can I be accepted"Private Logicconcepts about self, others, and the world on which the client's lifestyle is based - "I am basically unlovable," "people can't be trusted" -implicit beliefs about self and othersLifestylecharacteristic way of thinking, feeling, acting, living as we strive toward our long-term goals [fictional finalist]Social Interestbeing as concerned about others (empathy) as one is about oneself; sign of mental health [not constantly thinking about self]Community feelingfeeling connected to all of humanity; life tasks (SOCIAL TASKS- friendships, love-marriage-intimacy; OCCUPATIONAL TASKS- contributing to society)Therapeutic Goals (Adlerian Therapy)-therapeutic relationship based on mutual respect -holistic psychological investigation or lifestyle assessment -determine mistaken goals and faulty assumptions in lifestyle [figuring out private logic & fictional finalism] -reeducation and reorientation to a useful side of life -clients are not sick, they are discouraged; discouraged people do not act in life with social interest -provide clients with alternative perspective to form a new "cognitive map"What is the main aim of Adlerian Therapy?increase sense of belonging (social interest and community feeling) by increasing client's self-awareness, challenging and modifying life goals and premisesTherapist's Function and Role [Adlerian Therapy]-look for major mistakes in thinking -assess family constellation to understand early social world -assess early recollections of one-time events that happened before the age of 10 as part of client's lifestyle assessment (goals and motivation)Client's Experience in Therapy [Adlerian Therapy]-lifestyle is resistant to change because it is predictable and clients are afraid of leaving old patterns behind for something new -explore their private logic: concepts about self, others, and the world on which the client's lifestyle is based -problems arise because private logic is NOT conductive for healthy social livingRelationship between therapist and client [adlerian therapy]-based on cooperation, mutual trust, respect, confidence, collaboration, and alignment of goals -egalitarian therapeutic alliancetherapist technique [adlerian therapy]Phase 1: Establish the Relationship Phase 2: Explore the Client's Psychological Dynamics Phase 3: Encourage Self-Understanding and Insight Phase 4: Reorientation and ReeducationProposition 1: Capacity for Self-AwarenessFreedom, choice, and responsibility constitute the foundation of self-awareness. The greater our awareness the greater our possibilities for freedom.Proposition 2: Freedom and Responsibilitywe are free to choose among alternatives to shape our destination -we long for freedom, but we run from it when we are asked to choose -Inauthenticity -Freedom -AuthenticityInauthenticity (Sartre)not taking control of our lives and assuming we are doomed to be controlled by external forcesfreedomresponsible for our lives, for our actions, and our failure to take actionAuthenticitythe courage to be who we want to be ("we are our choices")Proposition 3: Striving for Identity and Relationship with Others-the tension between being an individual and being in a relationship -most of us have sought directions, answers, values, and beliefs from others and have stopped trusting ourselvesProposition 4: The Search for Meaningthe problem of discarding old values; meaninglessness; creating new meaningProposition 5: Anxiety as Condition of Living-existential anxiety arises as a result of confronting our own death, meaninglessness, freedom, isolation, aloneness, and our basic fallibility -we avoid anxiety by creating an illusion of security -opening up to life means opening up to suffering and anxietyProposition 6: Awareness of Death and Nonbeing-death gives significance to life by reminding us to appreciate the present moment -death can be the source of zest for life and creativitytherapeutic goals [existential therapy]-to become more present with oneself and others -identity factors that block our ability to be fully present -assume more responsibility for our own lives -to live a more enriched lifetherapist's function and goals [existential therapy]-help clients accept responsibility for their lives -help clients move away from "restricted existence" that is stifling their present existenceclient's experience in therapy [existential therapy]-experiment with new ways of being in the outside world -loosen their "deterministic shackles" -confront ultimate concerns instead of being solution-orientedrelationship between therapist and client [existential therapy]-"here-and-now" is stressed through genuine concern and empathy -therapy is viewed as a social microcosm -journey of self-discovery is taken by both the client and the therapist