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world geo review
Terms in this set (304)
Location is a matter of ______. Place is a matter of ______.
where it is; what it is like
Physical geography is also known as what?
The five ______ pertain to tools for studying any topic, while the five ______ pertain to what geographers study.
Regions can be designated by:
anything that is important to study
Technology has helped geography expand far beyond:
What is the order of milestones of methods in geography that depend on technology?
1) navigating by sight, using maps and the shape of the coastline
2) using handheld instruments to measure the position of the sun and stars
3) using the Earth's magnetic field to determine direction
4) tying maps to databases
To use your ______ to give someone directions, you have to translate from you own memory in words that someone else can understand.
culture is often defined as the sum total of how people _______ and ______.
what is an example of migration and human-environmental interaction?
1) Villages grow corn on tops of mesas
2) climate changes so corn cannot by grown
3) population moves away
4) original population integrates into other cultures
What is the order of the history of cartography?
1) ptolemy's world map
2) Ibn Idrisi's world map
3) Piri Reis's map
4) Dynamic Internet maps
What are some reasons to consider San francisco and Hong Kong as part of the sam region?
Trade and Pacific Ocean geology
Major _______ of geography include physical geography and human geography.
What are some phrases you could use to describe a place?
Tears freeze on your face; IN the summer, the sun shines at midnight.
_______ has (or have) been on elf the most common pull factors of migration within the United States.
A region based on common properties such as population is called a(n) ________.
By definition, all maps are ______ because they ______ include all information about the world they represent.
A geographer who works with city governments to help lay out new parks and streets might be a(n) _______.
Salt left behind
makes rivers flow
Uneven heating ->
Contributes to ocean currents
Put these in order: Core, Moho barrier, mantle
1) Moho barrier
2) Mantle layer with more convection
3) Mantle layer with less convection
Geography can be understood in terms of _____ that explain different approaches to all the subfields.
Environmental geography addresses the relationship between _____ geography.
physical and human
What could an oceanographer do?
they could study the effects of sewage dumping on global fish populations
What could an Urban geographer do?
they could help engineers design traffic flow for busy streets
What could a Sociologist do?
they could study the patterns of interaction in bilingual families
What could an Anthropologist do?
They could help record languages that may die out
What is an example of human-environmental interaction concerning global citizenship?
Understanding how people have affected the landscape.
What is an example of movement concerning global citizenship?
Understanding how global trade affects a regional economy
What is an example of place concerning global citizenship?
Appreciating how people feel about their homelands
What is an example of location concerning global citizenship?
estimating how long it might take to fly somewhere
Geography has diversified into many new directions, impart because of:
From the standpoint of geography, a(n) ______ is your inner representation of the world that you know.
What is an example of relative location?
Down the hall and to the right
Where should the legend go?
Where should the title go?
Where should the Inset go?
Where should the copyright go?
A GIS is digital information that is:
Beliefs and behavior that a group of people share are an important part of their:
demography is the study of:
human population characteristics
______ has historically been on of the main factors driving human transformation of the environment
_______ lines are ______ and run from pole to pole
longitude; not parallel
A physical geographer might designate regions based on:
continents and oceans
a map is different from the world it represents in that the map _______ a lot more than it includes. This introduces _______.
What are milestones in the development of technology used by geographers?
1) Maps that show coastlines
3) Navigational compass
an absolute location can be determined from:
Cartographers often design maps with ______ in mind
hierarchy and balance
the concept of ______ is related to the question "what is it like to be there?"
If you are to travel to a new location, you will need to find information about it before you go. What is a question based on place?
Will I need to get my vaccinations updated?
Regions are defined by:
any aspect that is being studied
the word geography literally means to:
write the earth
______ force people to leave a particular place
a(n) ______ allows the spherical Earth to be represented on flat paper by casting "shadows" from the spherical world onto a flat piece of paper
What is and example of acculturation?
a worker from the Philippines moves to Korea and learns to eat Korean food
surveyors in the 16th center could measure latitude with great accuracy, but measuring longitude was much more difficult, mainly because there were not instruments for giving:
the time of day at the prime meridian in London
What factor has the largest effect on how humans interact with the environment?
A _______ is the relatively small area where a species lives and can thrive.
the surface of the planet is broken into several ______.
what is a culture characteristic of a warm temperature?
what is a culture characteristic of scarce food?
Conservation and hospitality
what is a culture characteristic of large lakes?
use boats for trade
what is a culture characteristic of cliffs with cherubs bearing edible berries?
Where is a climate zone that is hot, always rainy?
on the equator
where is a climate zone that is hot, wet, and dry?
near the equator
what is a characteristic of a moderate climate?
what is a characteristic of continental climate?
severe temperature changes
outermost rock layer ->
largest layer ->
inner core ->
outer core ->
most of the world's earthquakes occur around the;
pacific ocean rim
what is subduction?
one plate sliding under another
what is a fault line?
break in the crust
what caused the himalayan highlands?
continents slowly colliding
what causes an earthquake?
what is an increase in average temperatures around the planet?
wind and water are important causes of:
erosion and weathering
______ is the process by which water turns from liquid to a gas.
what is an example of how humans interact with systems of other living things?
farmers in Mexico burn down a forest to clear land for agriculture.
A geographic area, the pant and animal life that lives there, and the natural processes that sustain them are known as a(n):
the state of the atmosphere at a given time and place is know as ______.
what does logging do?
What could moving ice sheets do?
creates huge formations
what are erratics?
boulders and rocks dropped by glaciers
How big is an ice sheet?
the size of a continent
hurricanes start out over the ocean because they get their energy from _____.
warm ocean water
lack of water
rain forest ->
biomes are classified and counted:
in many different ways
irrigation allowed farms to be _____ rivers
in most places where people live, the biggest changes to the landscape in the past 500 years are due to
russia is located largely in a ______ biome
the connecting feature of a shipping lane between two large bodies of water is often a _____.
What is a system of interacting elements that significantly affects life on Earth?
the water cycle
before you take a drink of water, _____ people have probably drank it before you.
the relative thickness of the Earth's crust is similar to the relative thickness of the:
skin of an apple
what factor seems to have triggered the neolithic revolution?
domestication of animals
what are some examples of an activity that uses water?
eating ice cream; eating fried chicken, taking a shower, turning on a television or computer
in the U.S., drinking water is _____ of the water you use each day
a small fraction
mesa verde ->
steptoe butte ->
steep-sides, flat top
colorado plateau ->
large, elevated plain
the great plains ->
vast area of flat land
weather can change for day to day, but _____ does not.
what are some examples of standard ground observations for a simple weather forecast?
thermometer reading; barometer reading; humidity
the average number of children that women in a given population have in their lifetimes is call the _____.
carrying capacity ->
population an area can support
population density ->
number of people per square mile
study of human population
count of an area's population
push factors ->
reasons for leaving a particular place
pull factors ->
reasons for going to a particular place
forced migration ->
when people are coerced into move away from their home; also called displacement
voluntary migration ->
when people willingly choose to leave their homeland
what are some questions that could be answered with some kind of distribution map?
can people there read and write? what's the average age people reach in an area? what are the population's income levels?
life expectancy ->
how old people live on average
gender empowerment measure ->
how economic and political power is distributed between the sexes
human poverty index ->
how many people live below the average quality of life
gross domestic product
wealth of the whole economy
a higher percentage of babies live to an age when they can reproduce, women often world outside the home, and birthrates drop over two generations are all found in what?
an industrial society
in venezula, prices and the quantity of goods produced are controlled by the government. Violations are sometimes enforced with jail time. What kind of economic system is this?
a sate is made up of:
land populated with a group of people and a government ruling land and people
which of the following examples of geographic knowledge was generated using primarily economic tools and methods?
the human development index can be used to group nation as developed, developing, and least developed. Most developing nations are going through industrialization
culture is defined as:
the behaviors and beliefs of a group of people
representative democracy ->
when sovereignty is exercised by a subset of the people
first-past-the-post voting system ->
when people vote for individual candidates
proportional voting system ->
when people vote for parties and not individuals
direct democracy ->
when sovereignty is exercised by an assembly of all the citizens
What are some effect the modern farming techniques have of world biodiversity?
monoculture crops can easily be wiped out by new diseases. monoculture, pesticides, and chemical fertilizers have greatly reduced the biodiversity of the world.
how do traditional customs affect attempts to unify diverse leaders under a single government?
leaders resist any action that takes away their power. Traditional leader don't want to give away or share any power. Unification often leads to violence rather than diplomacy. leaders will strive to keep things as they are.
a _____ distribution map indicates where people can and cannot vote for their leaders
using goods and services
production focused on specific tasks or topics
free markets and private ownership
creating goods and services
what are some true statements about demographic transition?
~ the U.S. and Europe have already gone through a demographic transition
~Demographic transition is commonly a trait of developing nations
what is the definition of/what happens in demographic transition?
refers to a shift in death rates followed by a shift in birthrates and its associated population boom
a country is determined to be developed, least developed, or developing by the:
Human Development Index (HDI)
what is the relationship between GDP and HDI?
Countries that spend more on factors that improve HDI rations will most often have GDPs that are somewhat lower than other developed nations. A balance must be reached between the two. It's very difficult for any people or government to achieve gains in all areas of life, so there is a balance between GDP and HDI
Newly Industrializing ->
Not quite developed but moving swiftly toward being developed
low stander of live, undeveloped industrial infrastructure, and a medium-to-low level of human development
high standard of live, an advanced economy, and high human development
least developed ->
high poverty, economic dependence, and low human development
a large group of people united by kinship ties
Naturalized citizens ->
immigrants who obtain citizenship in their new country
half siblings ->
brothers and sisters who share one but the two biological parents
biological children ->
children physically conceived by the parents who raise them
each habitat supports a variety of plant and animal life called _______.
subjected to another's rule
rule of the people
rule by the elite few
what factors influence and shape every world culture?
surroundings, upbringing, and experiences
The afghan national government is have trouble moving forward in Afghanistan because:
ethinic and tribal conflict has been central to Afghan history. the population is divided amount four major ethnic groups
a parent's best friend referred to by the family as "aunt" or "uncle" would be an example of a _____ family member.
which o the major world religions originated most recently?
in what way is christianity most closely associated with judaism?
the christian bible includes the jewish scriptures
Many african meals begin with:
a drink of water
The Americas have _____ countries and a population of _____ million people
canadian immigrants tend to be ______, while people immigrating to the U.S. today are most often _____.
languages spoken and the names of cities, rivers, and roads are clues to _____?
The city of Iquitos, also called the "St. Louis of the Amazon," developed in response to the boom of the ______ industry.
Why is the Mississippi River more of a highway than the Amazon River?
More industries use the Mississippi and the Amazon. The midwestern U.S. is more developed around the river. The Mississippi basin produces 92% of the U.S. agricultural exports
Northern part of this peninsula is heavily populated and is near San Diego
contains the most populous state in the U.S.
Major agricultural producer in the U.S.
Vast forests and active volcanoes in the U.S.
What is the location, place, region, and movement for North America?
Location: western hemisphere, northern half
Place: More climate types than any other continent
Region: Canada, U.S., Mexico, and caribbean
Movement: Immigrants in 1500 and after, few indigenous peoples remain
where did Portugal colonize?
stayed in South America
where did spain colonize?
Focused on South America and the North American Southwest
Where did france colonize?
Ended up with large portions of eastern North America
Where did Britain colonize?
fought for and won control of the eastern half of what is now the U.S.
population density in North America is greatest:
along both coasts and around the great lakes
what are the cultural differences between the areas that were covered by ice during the last ice and and this that were not?
covered regions tended to industrialize earlier
What are some physical effects do glaciers leave on the land?
Huge piles of sand and gravel. Carve away land and rock. They create basins and lakes.
the junction where the Missouri and Mississippi rivers combine gave birth to which city?
What were the conditions in North America during the last ice age?
the southwest received heavy rains. Florida was covered with sand dunes. Canada was covered with ice thousands of feet think. Much of the northern U.S. was ice covered
What are the Location, Place, Region, and Movement of South America?
Location: western Hemisphere, southern half
Place: Rain forests, mountains, deserts, highlands, humid continental regions
Region: Central and South America
Movement: Spain and Portugal took over in 1500; Africans were brought in; indigenous people remain
Nearly ____ of the _____ million people that live in South America live in Brazil
Pope Alexander VI drew a line that split South America between Spain and Portugal called the:
line of demarcation
In what regions do people settle in South America?
along the coasts
What do Thailand, Malaysia, and South Korea have in common?
they have all industrialized in the past few decades
Why is Brazilian Portuguese now the definitive version of the language over European Portuguese?
Brazil is more respected in the world than Portugal
The fact that seattle and Bangkok are similar in many ways is an example of:
how trade influences culture regardless of distance
Brazil has approximately _____ million people it its population, while Portugal has about ______ million.
When the price South American pay for everyday products in their hometowns keeps going up, what is it the result of?
When two distant cities trade products, what else ends up being exchanges?
people and ideas
How does trade influence culture?
Sometimes the goods themselves reflect culture, like entertainment. Immigration increases as trade increases. Nations import and export culture alone with products. International tourism increases with more trade.
How are Bangkok and Seattle similar?
Both are culturally important to their respective countries, have pollution problems, and have very good major universities
The two most common languages in South America are Spanish and _____.
If you need to see water depths and navigations routes for river or water, you will use a(n) ______ map.
What allowed cultures to mix and thus, in effect, made the world a smaller place?
oceans becoming highways
The Atlantic Ocean was a barrier ______, but is was a highway ______.
before 1492; during and after colonial era
Judaism, christianity, and Islam are all _____ faiths.
What are some major mountain ranges in Europe?
The Caucasus, Alps, and Urals
What body of water borders the western coast of Europe?
The Atlantic Ocean
What are some reasons that make it difficult to differentiate between European and Asian countries?
Europe and Asia have a very long border. There is no clear geographic boundary between them.
Kazakhstan is in what region?
What canal connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Indian Ocean?
The attempt to establish a Jewish state in Israel is know as _____.
What ethnology allowed factories to move away from water sources?
What is the purpose of OPEC
To control the production of oil
What religions have holy sites near Israel?
Christianity, Islam, and Judaism
What trade rout connected Asia and Europe?
the silk road
Which type of energy accounts for most of the world's energy production?
What religions are represented most in Europe and Southwest Asia?
Christianity, Judaism, and Islam
What empire was most responsible for spreading Islam?
What energy source relies on naturally occurring sources of running water to create electricity?
Which type of region is based o political boundaries?
What religion dominates the northwest portion of the Mediterranean region?
France, Italy, and Spain are all located where?
coal is what type of fuel?
Saudi Arabia is a member of what?
the holy text in Judaism is known as the _____.
What region has historically been a home to nomadic people?
What religion involves a covenant with God?
What is the largest religion in the world?
What religion was founded by Muhammad?
In 1990, Iraq invaded the country of _____.
What are some common characteristics of European governments?
Providing free public education and social democracies
What region of the world was the first to industrialize?
The belief that people who share an ethnicity and culture should have their own sovereign state is called ______.
Which is part of the Mediterranean climate?
Hot, dry summers
What caused the split between the Sunni and Shia?
An argument of leadership
Currently, the world's urbanization rate is _____ percents.
There are more cities along the Pacific Rim than alone the steppes. Why is this?
Trade is much more available along the Pacific Rim
How is urban travel different from rural travel?
There is more public transportation in the city. Things are closer together in the city. Rural residents depend on cars more than city residents do.
Endless cycle of life, death, and rebirth
When, after death, a person's should displaced into a new body
The state of enlightenment, which is reached when the cycle of samsara is broken
In approximately ____ BC, the earliest Asian civilizations flourished along the ______ and ______ River
3000; Indus; Yellow
what are monsoons and how long do they last?
Monsoons bring heavy winds and rainfall for months. They can cause flooding and extensive damage. Monsoons are also necessary for India's farming economy.
India gets about ____ percent of its annual rainfall from monsoons
What happens when monsoons hit the Himalayan mountain range?
Wind and rain are redirected to the east, to Southeast Asia
The urbanization rate of a given area is:
the percent of a population living in an urban area
_____ Korea has a Socialist dictatorship
_____ Korea's economy is booming
_____ Korea trades in the free market
Citizens were not allowed to leave the country and if they did they were banned from returning. After this period, they became imperialist. What period was this?
In buddhims, when you find the place between the two extremes of self-indulgence and self-denial you have reach the ____.
China's urbanization rate has grown from ___ percent in 1952 to ____ percent today
Mass migrations during the split of India left with ______ dead.
_______ lead a revolution with _______ demonstration
Mahatma Gandhi; peaceful
How did the Japanese deal with defeat after WWII?
They increased their country's manufacturing capabilities
What are the members of the Hindu caste system in order, from highest to lowest.
How has industrialization and urbanization changed China?
They turned China into a world economic power. China is urbanizing faster than anywhere else in the world. They transferred wealth to more people. They create more unhealthy and polluted conditions
China city: Many tall buildings; one of the fastest growing cities in the world
China city: located near beijing, has agriculture and manufacturing
China city: Former capital of China with rich history and culture. Large manufacturing center
China city: Third largest city. A port city and manufacturing center
Buddhism is broken up into three types:
Theravada, Mahayana, and Tibetan
How do cities differ from rural areas?
They are more dangerous, and bigger markets, more diverse, and more expensive.
What are some benefits to living in cities as opposed to the country?
Cities have access to better education facility. Cities are more international, with more ideas.
Why are India, Pakistan, Nepal, and other countries known as a subcontinent?
They are on a tectonic plate that collided with Asia 50 million years ago
Where are rain forests on the subcontinent?
South India and Sri Lanka
The _____ and _____ deserts are the two largest in China
Southeast Asia has what kind of climate?
mostly tropical region
Central Asia has what kind of climate?
region with humid, subtropical and highland areas
Northeastern Asia has what kind of climate?
Western Asia has what king of climate?
Who started buddhism and when?
Siddhartha Gautama in the 6th century BC
_____ is the tradition of a widow killing herself by throwing her body on her husband's burning funeral pyre; it's performed ____ today in India
Sati; very rarely
Cows are sacred in the religion of _____?
In what areas is the most rapid urbanization occurring in Eurasia?
Along the coasts and most rivers
Hindus make up _____ percent of the population of India
What are major religious texts of Hinduism?
Vedas, Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, and the Ramayana Mahabharata
In what ways is Africa a diverse continent?
~Different styles of government
~Variation in natural resources
What weather pattern is Africa subject to?
Flooding and drought cycles
What was the Middle Passage?
the slave trade route from Africa to the Caribbean
A chain of islands
A coral island
Nongovernment ownership of property
Division into opposing groups
Indonesia and the Philippines are often grouped into a region with ______.
What were some of the effects of the colonization of Africa
Intro suction of christianity and diversity in African nations
Describe Africa's economy.
It is based heavily on exporting raw materials
Why is Mount Kilimanjaro such an iconic image?
It is not part of a mountain range, it is the tallest free standing mountain.
What physical features would most likely separate two ecozones?
oceans, mountain ranges, large deserts
How have the small island in Polynesia typically been used by industrialized countries?
military test sites and refueling stations
What led to the Rwandan genocide?
A long civil war
What feature separates the two major ecozones in the western hemisphere?
The Isthmus of Panama
What was the "scramble for Africa"?
European attempts at colonization
Why do Bali and Lombok have very different animal species?
Their animals evolved independently of each other
Describe the climate of Antarctica
Hoe do trade barriers hurt Africa?
They make it harder for Africa to export goods
What feature separates Africa into two main geographic regions?
the sahara desert
What policies is the IMF in favor of?
Privatization and free market
Somalia is considered a _____ ______.
Who were the original inhabitants of Australia?
What is the least populated continent?
who is Nelson Mandela?
The first black president of south Africa
Where are the Micronesian and Polynesian islands located?
In the western Pacific
Oceania and ______ share a similar climate
What is a characteristic of African nations?
wide ethnic diversity
What is the idea that a society should accept the legitimacy of the laws?
the rule of law
What was an effect of colonialism on Africa?
it increased ethnic tensions
Mount Kilimanjaro supports _____ and many _____.
The Micronesian islands _____ very active in world trade
Polynesia has a lot of cultural _______.
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