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History: Italian and French
Terms in this set (93)
An ideology that believes that humans had been given the ability for rational thought to some meaningful end.
Weakening of the spiritual and political leadership of the Church.
Use of light and dark to create depth
Method of rendering a specific object or figure in a picture in depth
(Giotto di Bondone) Often considered as the founder of Renaissance painting by breaking away from the Byzantine tradition of painting to naturalism, humanism and composition. Known as the first naturalistic painter of Italy.
(Tomaso Guidi) First great painter of the Italian Renaissance. His frescoes are the earliest monuments of humanism and introduce a plasticity previously unseen in figure painting.
(Guido di Pietro da Mugello) A Dominican monk whose art was religious and characterized by luminous, gem-like colors. Work: The Annunciation
(Fra Lippo Lippi) More concerned with physical beauty rather than insight or spiritual depth. Work: Madonna with babe and angels
Works drew from mythological inspirations. Work: Spring, The Birth of Venus, Primavera
Jan van Eyck
Most prominent painter of the early Renaissance style. Perfected painting with oil and varnish. Work: Worship of the Lamb, The Marriage
Sculptor known for sacred themes. Work: St. Mark, Gattamelata, David
Sculptor. Work: North and east doors of the Baptistry of San Giovanni
F. Brunelleschi. Octagonal design, double walled dome resting on a drum.
Ospedale Degli Innocenti
F. Brunelleschi. Giovanni Medici. Series of round arches supported by slender columns and framed by pilasters that carried flat horizontal entablature.
Rectangular window surmounted by a pediment
Brunelleschi and Michelezzo. Divided into storeys of decreasing heights by long, unbroken bands called string cornices.
Leon Batista Alberti
Pitti. Largest palace in Italy.
Style characterized by draftsmanship, the illusion of sculptural volume in painting and building, by the limitive use of whole orders and compositional rules after precepts of Vitruvius.
Leonardo da Vinci
Painter: Madonna of the Rocks
Modeling technique which consisted of blurring sharp outline
Works: Sistine chapel ceiling, The Holy Family (Doni Tondo), David, Pieta, The Deposition, The Last Judgment
Works: The School of Athens, The Marriage of the Virgins, Tempest, Sleeping Venus
Most famous Venetian renaissance painter. Works: Tempest, Sleeping Venus
Leader of the 16th century Venetian school of Italian Renaissance. Works: Assumption of the Virgin (Assunta), The Rape of Europa
"Leonardo of the North." Works: Apocalyps, St. Jerome in His Study, Four Apostles
Greatest Flemish painter known for landscapes and peasant scenes. Works: Peasant Wedding, Hunters in the Snow, The Blind Leading the Blind
High Renaissance landmark: by Donato Bramante. Marked the spot of St. Peter's crucifixion
High Renaissance landmark: Means small temple
High Renaissance landmark: by Michelangelo. Composed of the Palace of the Senate, the Conservatory, and the Capitoline Museum where the statue of Marcus Aurelius stood.
Exaggerated styles, striking visual effects characterized by elongated or over muscular figures set in extravagantly contorted panes.
"Il Furioso" because of his phenomenal energy in painting, dramatic use of perspective and special lighting effects. Master of mannerism.
Veronese, Titian, Tintoretto
Triumvirate of pre-eminent Venetian painters of the late Renaissance.
Mannerist painter known as a supreme colorist, illusionist decorations in fresco and oil, dramatic narrative cycles.
(Agnolo Bronzino) Cool, mannerist portraits. Work: Portrait of a Young Man
(Andrea Palladio) Italian regarded as the greatest architect of 16th century northern Italy. Works: Villa Rotonda, I quattro libri dell'architettura, Villa Capra
Characterized by asymmetrical compositions, powerful effects of movement, strong lighting in combination with dramatic interpretations.
Humorous or critical portrait based on exaggeration
(Jacob Burckhardt) 19th century Swiss historian, first to use the term baroque
Movement within the Catholic church to reform itself from Protestant attacks
Council of Trent
19th Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church convened as response to the reformation. Standardized the mass.
Processional sequence of increasingly rich interiors hat culminated in a presence chamber, throne room, or state bedroom.
Use of sharply contrasting light and dark; overall darker in quality
Dramatic, realistic and chiaroscuro technique. Ordinary people as the figures in his religious work. Works: The Conversion of St. Paul, The Entombment of Christ
Rembrant van Rijm
Greatest genius of the Dutch school who painted portraits and scenes of genre and religious subjects. Artificial and unique technique of handling light and shadow. Works: Night Watch, Belshazzar's Feast
Artificial and unique technique of handling light and shadow.
Subjects focus on women and household chores.
Peter Paul Rubens
Greatest Flemish Baroque painter. Most prolific with about 2000 paintings.
Anthony van Dyck
Painter specialized in aristocratic portraiture with silken fabrics, fine laces and trimmings.
Intense and animated sculptures influenced by Michelangelo.
odd shape, imperfect pearl
Columns with a twisted shaft
A method of engraving in which the design is bitten into the plate with acid.
Technique of scratching directly to the copperplate with a needle.
Chateau de Chambord
French Baroque landmark: Four loft halls, elliptical barrel vaulting crowned with a lantern which forms the central feature of the exterior. Double helix stone stairs.
Palais de Fountainbleau
French Baroque landmark: Largest palace
French Baroque landmark: Le Roi Soleil
Jean Baptiste Colbert
Louis XIV's chief minister who organized the arts in service of the monarchy.
French Baroque: Minister of Finance who organized a system for the development of the decorative arts when he built the Chateau Vaux-le-Vecomte
Le Brun, Jules Mansart, Le Vau
French Baroque landmark: Palace of Versailles architects
Le Vau, Perrault
French Baroque landmark: Louvre Palace architects
18th. century period style
First expression of the rococo that originated in France
Philippe, duc d'Orleans
Regent of Louis XV
First Architect appointed by Louis XV charged to create smaller more intimate rooms
Madame de Pompadour
Most significant contributor to the development of Rococo. Commissioned Boucher to paint idyllic scenes on large scale canvasses.
Porcelain factory that supplied soft paste plaques that adorned furniture.
Popular porcelain color created at Sevres.
Carved woodwork and paneling often gilted and elaborate
Chinese motifs in textiles and wall paneling
Monkey motifs in textiles and wall paneling
(Juste Aurele) Credited with being largely responsible for developing the rococo style. Produced a book of engraved designs using the shell as motif.
(Gilles-Marie) Nicknamed the "French Borromini", developed the rocaille border and shell ornamentation
(Francois) Pioneer of Rococo in Germany and Austria
"Without cares", former summer palace of Frederick the Great
(Georg WEnzeslaus) Architect of the Sanssouci
Rococo summer residence of the Russian czars
(Johann-Friedrich) German architect of Catherine Palace in Russia
(Antoine) Leading Rococo painter from Flanders. Work: A Pilgrimage to the Island of Cythera, The Dance
(Jean-Honore) Calls on classical imagery, erotic themes. Work: Happy Accidents of the Swing
(William) Took contemporary manners and social conventions, satire. Work: Marriage a la Mode, Scene II
(Thomas) Portraits, landscapes and fancy pictures. Light and rapid brushstrokes, delicate and evanescent colors.
Light hearted terracotta sculptures
(Nicolas) French carver and ornamental designer. One of the leaders who initiated exuberant asymmetrical phase of high Rococo. Work is known by shallow recesses with rounded corners, and ornamentation employing shell motifs, leafy scrolls and classical busts in medallions.
Forerunners of modern decorators, guiding spirits of the Parisian rococo
(Simon) Led the marchands-mercier
(Thomas) English designer known for the bold or extreme use of rococo, chinese and rustic motifs
Chubby male child
Winged angelic being
French Rococo landmark: Small chateau located on the grounds of the Palace of Versailles.
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