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chapter 24 art fau
Terms in this set (57)
Abstract Expressionism is characterized by
spontaneous and energetic brushwork.
Works that are created through paint that is poured, dripped, or flung on huge canvases are called
Helen Frankenthaler's works are often characterized by
Robert Motherwell's elegies series represent his concern about the
Spanish Civil War.
What is one way that action painting influenced the work of David Smith?
He scoured the surfaces of his sculptures to create reflective exteriors.
What was one criticism some post-World War II modern architects had of the International Style?
It was too limiting.
Brutalism became the dominant trend for what kind of buildings?
government and university buildings
What is one distinguishing characteristic of the Planalto Palace that departs from the International Style?
sweeping and curved struts
Which Neo-Dada artists are often seen as a bridge from Abstract Expressionism to Pop Art?
Robert Rauschenberg and Jasper Johns
found objects, collage materials, and Abstract Expressionistic brushwork.
Jasper Johns's early assemblage works were based on
What materials did Noah Purifoy use in the assemblage Watts Riot?
debris from the rioting
Household, a happening by Allan Kaprow, took place
at a rural garbage dump.
What was a key group in the development of happening as art?
The Gutai in Japan (Embodiment)
What distinguished a happening from an event?
Happenings were cooperative and viewers could become participants.
What was the symbolic association of paper in Murakami's Passing Through?
Paper was a treasured material in Japan and associated with a sacred spirit.
What technique did James Rosenquist employ in his large mural F-111?
a mechanical airbrush
What do Pop artists Andy Warhol and James Rosenquist have in common?
Both worked as commercial artists.
Andy Warhol's Marilyn Diptych called attention to
the pervasive character of our commercial environment.
Which Pop Art artist's work was stylistically characterized by the colored dots of contemporary mass printing?
What typical feature of Pop Art distinguishes it from assemblages?
a slick finished appearance
What is one feature that distinguished Minimal art?
Minimalist art told no story but its own shapes and colors.
Why did Donald Judd refrain from titling his works?
to avoid any inferred meaning
What technical development made it possible for Minimalist painters to call attention to the painted surface?
the development of acrylic paints
Conceptual art was the outgrowth of
What characteristic distinguishes work by Conceptual artists such as Joseph Kosuth and Yoko Ono?
Their ideas are more important than the objects displayed.
Conceptual artists often
presented the viewer with sufficient information to grasp the work's concept.
What distinguishes an earthwork from a site-specific work?
Earthworks are sculptural forms made from earth, rocks, or sometimes plants.
What is one reason that site-specific works and earthworks can make an anti-capitalist statement?
They occur outside of the marketplace.
Christo and Jeanne-Claude became well known for site-specific works that used
What feature of Running Fence helps distinguish it as a site-specific work?
its place in the landscape
Although most earthworks are commissioned, they reject the notion of a
What is one difference between most installations and site-specific works?
Installations can be executed in interior spaces.
Visitors to Alice Aycock's The Beginnings of a Complex... were required to
descend into a shaft.
What was one reason that visitors to Alice Aycock's The Beginnings of a Complex... might experience disorientation or fear?
They had to navigate the tunnel alone.
In her critique of society's perception of women, Orlan performed a striptease dressed as
How does Nancy Spero's Rebirth of Venus challenge traditional images made by male artists of Venus?
She shows a woman in action.
What was Orlan's most controversial performance piece?
Le Baiser de l'artiste (The Artist's Kiss)
What was one of the ways that Judy Chicago's The Dinner Party explicitly addressed the notion of the female body and gender?
the representation of female genitalia on plates
Which performance artist was compared to a healer or shaman?
How did Ana Mendieta's performances in the Tree of Life series demonstrate her position on feminism?
She coated her body with mud and grass and stood next to trees.
What is one practical concern of performance artists?
the need to document their work
Willem de Kooning's Woman and Bicycle is controversial for its
monstrous depiction of the female.
Abstract Expressionist paintings that employ large areas of color such as Mark Rothko's Blue, Orange, Red are also known as
color field paintings.
How does Robert Motherwell's painting Elegy to the Spanish Republic differ from Jackson Pollock's Autumn Rhythm (Number 30)?
Motherwell was inspired by a historical event.
The term Brutalism refers to
the assertive use of cast concrete in structures.
Edward Kienholz's work John Doe is his comment on
the blandness of American middle-class life.
What distinguishes Niki de Saint Phalle's Saint Sebastian, or the Portrait of My Love from Jasper Johns's Target with Four Faces?
the sense of violence and destruction
Why could Jean Tinguely's sculpture Homage to New York: A Self-Constructing, Self-Destructing Work of Art be described as an "event"?
It self-destructed in a live performance.
James Rosenquist's F-111 differs from most commercial billboards through the
image montage and ambiguous meaning.
What is Ellsworth Kelly's primary subject in this painting?
the formal and expressive impact of color
In paintings such as Agbatana III, Frank Stella eliminates the figure-ground relationship in order to emphasize the
What conceptual interest underlies Joseph Kosuth's One and Three Chairs?
issues of human perception
What do Spiral Jetty and the ancient work Hummingbird have in common?
They are both earthworks.
What was one intended consequence that Alice Aycock wanted visitors to experience after engaging with The Beginnings of a Complex . . .?
fear and disorientation
What is one characteristic of female experience that is highlighted in Judy Chicago's The Dinner Party?
the traditional association of women with craft work
This performance by the collective Asco was intended to call attention to
Ryan is furnishing a pediatric unit. Which statement best demonstrates his understanding of creating a therapeutic physical environment?
setting fishing limits, changing fishing methods, developing aquaculture techniques, and finding new resources
a bend in rock strata that are otherwise uniformly dipping or horizontal.
In an energy pyramid, which level has the most available energy?
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