18 terms

Industrial Revolution for jay

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Patent
licenses that give an inventor the exclusive right to make, use, or sell an invention for a set period of time.
Productivity
the amount of goods and services created in a given period of time.
Transcontinental Railroad
a railway extending from coast to coast. Completed in 1869 when the Union Pacific Rail and Central Pacific met at a place called Promontory Summit.
Bessemer Process
a process for making steel more efficiently
Mass Production
Production of goods in great amounts
Samuel Morse
Developed Morse code, which was a system of short and long electrical impulses to represent the letters of the alphabet, and worked for years to improve and perfect the telegraph. In 1844, sends the first telegraph message from Washington to Baltimore. His success signaled the start of a communication revolution.
Edwin L. Drake
In 1858, Drake goes to Titusville, Pennsylvania to drill for oil, which was a new and untried method. In 1859, Drake struck oil. Oil quickly became a major industry.
Thomas A. Edison
"A Master of Invention" responsible for electricity and the electric light bulb as well as the first power plant.
Lewis Latimer
the son of an escaped slave. He worked in Edison's labs where he helped develop new advances in electricity.
George Westinghouse
responsible for another major advance for electric lighting. In 1885, he began to experiment with a form of electricity called alternating current which could be generated cheaply and travel longer distances than Edison's direct current. He also used a device called a transformer to boost power levels at a station so electricity could travel over long distances.
Alexander Graham Bell
In 1871, Bell of Scotland immigrated to Boston to teach people with hearing difficulties. On March 7, 1876, he patents the "talking telegraph". In 1885, Bell and a group of partners set up the American Telephone and Telegraph Company to build long-distance telephone lines.
Henry Bessemer
In 1856, Bessemer received the first patent for the Bessemer Process. This process made it much cheaper and easier to remove impurities from iron and creating steel, thereby making mass production possible.
John A. Roebling
designed a suspension bridge with thick steel cables suspended from high towers to hold up the main span. Although he died just after construction began, the Brooklyn Bridge was completed and opened on May 24, 1883. It connected Brooklyn and Manhattan over the East River.
Why did the nation's industrial productivity rise in the late 1800s?
Due to new technology the great increase in inventions, and the investments to fund them.
How did inventions such as the light bulb and the telegraph change daily life in the late 1800s?
They extended the usable hours of the day, allowed for efficient long-distance communication, and made possible the creation of entirely new industries.
What were the advantages of building the transcontinental railroad?
A faster and more practical means of transporting goods Lower costs of production. Creation of national markets. A model for big business.
What innovations did the Bessemer process encourage?
Mass production of steel; large suspension bridges; steel frame construction in buildings. It allowed impurities to be removed cheaply and easily, enabling steel to be produced in mass quantities.
What was the Chicago Reliance Building? How did various technologies combine to make skyscrapers possible?
The Chicago Reliance Building was a 16 story high "skyscraper" of the 1890s. The Bessemer Process made possible the mass production of steel, which made steel cheap and easy to use for the construction of new buildings and bridges. Electricity aided the development of elevators.
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