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Baroque Music Composers & Terms
Terms in this set (23)
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)
-One of the greatest composers of the western world
-Wrote several secular concertos, religious cantatas and fugues
-Had sons who were also composers
Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741)
Italian composer/violinist/teacher/priest, wrote the Four Seasons
George Friedrich Handel (1685-1759)
Wrote the "Messiah"
Henry Purcell (1659-1695)
English composer/organist who wrote "Dido and Aeneas.
French composer (born in Italy) who was the court composer to Louis XIV and founded the national French opera (1632-1687)
Domenico Scarlatti (1685-1757)
This Italian-born pre-Classic composer is best known for his 1-movement keyboard sonatas. A "rival" of Mozart. His father was also a famous Baroque composer.
Early Baroque keyboard instrument in which the strings are plucked by quills instead of being struck with hammers like the piano.
This widely used instrument was preceded by the Harpsichord and Clavicord.
Large-scale musical drama combining singing, instrumental music, poetry, acting, scenery, and costumes.
Arcangelo Corelli (1653-1713)
- Wrote sonatas, concertos, concerti grossi, quartets
- Established standards of form, style, and playing technique that lasted for generations
theme and variations
a musical form in which a theme continually returns but is varied by changing the notes of the melody, the harmony, the rhythm, or some other feature of the music
A set of variations on a short theme in the bassline of the song.
Baroque genre derived from the chacona, consisting of variations over a basso continuo
a musical form consisting of a theme repeated a fifth above or a fourth below its first statement
a PRELUDE in the style of an IMPROVISATION
a virtuoso piece common during the Baroque Period, written in free style with many scales and rapid passages
a musical composition for a solo instrument or instruments accompanied by an orchestra, especially one conceived on a relatively large scale.
wrote Canon in D
Georg Philipp Telemann (1681-1767)
German composer who played multiple instruments and initially went to Leipzig as a law student.
Jean-Phillipe Rameau (France)
1683 - 1764 Baroque
Composer and Music Theorist. Dominant
composer of French opera. Wrote
Treatise on Harmony (1722)
Alessandro Scarlatti (1660-1725)
This Italian was the leading opera composer of the mid-Baroque; known for his beautiful vocal writing and "da capo" arias. La Griselda [opera seria] 1721. His son was also a famous composer.
C.P.E. Bach (1714-1788)
-Wrote Sonata in A Major
-His father is one of the most famous composers in the history of mankind
-Helped begin the transition from Baroque to Classical period.
Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643)
- Master of Renaissance music, and helped transition music into the Baroque Era
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