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Ancient Chinese Civilizations Vocab.

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civilization
a society that has achieved a high level of culture in government, religion, education, technology, art, and science
archaeologist
a scientist who studies past cultures be analyzing their remains
dynasty
a line of rulers who passed authority down through generations
emperor
the supreme ruler of an empire
terra-cotta
a baked clay material used for statues, pots, and buildings
mongols
nomadic people from Mongolia, a country north of China
cunfucious
a Chinese philopher and scholar born in 551 BC who taught respect for others and the importance of good citizenship
calligraphy
the art of handwriting
bronze
a metal made of copper and tin
silk
a rich fabric woven from the cocoons of silkworms
porcelain
a hard, white cerimac ware commonly known as china
jade
a green, semi-precious stone crafted in jewelry and objects of art
lacquer
a hard, shiny coating on furniture and fine objects
scholar
a highly-educated person
merchant
one who makes a living by buying and selling goods
peasant
a poor farmer or worker
acupuncture
method of treating pain or illness by inserting smail needles into the body