Modern world history unit 5 world War I
Terms in this set (39)
A policy of glorifying military power and keeping standing armies always prepared for war
And military alliance between Germany Austria-Hungary and Italy in the years preceding World War I
An military alliance between Great Britain France and Russia in the years preceding World War I
In World War I The nations of Germany and Austria-Hungary along with other nations that fought on their side
In World War I the nations of Great Britain France and Russia along with nations that fought on their signs also the group of nations including Great Britain Soviet Union in the US that opposed the axis powers in World War I
Germany military plan at the break out in World War I according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France and then move east to attack Russia
A form of warfare in which opposing armies fight from trenches dug in the battlefield
Unrestricted submarine warfare
The use of submarines to sink without warning any ships (including neutral ships and and arm passenger liners) found in an enemies water
A conflict in which the participating countries devote all their resources to the war effort
The limiting of the amounts of goods people can buy often imposed by government during wartime when goods are in short supply
Information or material spread to advance the cause or damage on an opponents cause
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
A treaty that ended the war between Germany and Russia
The freedom of people to decide under what form of government they wish to live
Treaty of Versailles
A peace treaty signed by Germany and the Allied powers after World War I
Kaiser Wilhelm II
The German ruler during World War I who wanted to demonstrate German power
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
The heir to Austro-Hungarian throne who was assassinated in Bosnia in 1914 setting in motion of World War I
The black hand
A secret society committed to ridding Bosnia of Austrian rule
The narrow sea straight that was the gateway to the Ottoman capital, Constantinople
Germanys foreign secretary who was sent a note to Mexican officials stating that they would help them reconquer Mexican land lost to the US if Mexico it Ally with Germany in World War I
Pres. of the United States during World War I he was part of the big four a group who made most of the decisions during the Paris peace conference
Leader of France during World War, was part of the big four during the Paris peace conference, wanted to punish Germany for war
A series of peace proposals drawn up by Pres. Wilson which outlined a plan achieving a just and lasting peace
An agreement to stop fighting
A British passenger ship sank by a German U-boat or submarine 1,198 people died including 128 US citizen
How did nationalism increase tensions among European nations?
It increased rivalry throughout the European nations
How did imperialism increase tensions among European nations?
It pushed European nations into the brink of war
How did Militarism increase tensions among European nations?
They felt threatened
What's no man's land
The space between the opposing trenches
what was the size of no mans land?
What was the purpose of the Gallipoli campaign?
Again control of the Dardanelles & Bosporus straits
Why did the Czar's government collapse?
their spending and unfair rule
What is the significance of the second Battle of Marne?
It was the last attempt by the Germans to get Paris to end the war
What events signaled the final defeat of the Central Powers?
A German Marshall signed a treaty to stop the fighting
What was the outcome of the treaty of Versailles?
It was a failed treaty and the US realize they wanted to be the dominant nation and ended up rejecting the treaty
What were the goals of the 14 points?
It was an outline plan to achieve just and lasting peace
What happened to many of the survivors of the war when they came home?
They suffered from posttraumatic stress disorder
Why did people criticize the Treaty of Versailles?
None of the allies received what they wanted
What did Russia do in response to Oshia declaring war on Serbia? How did it affect Germany?
Russia was in fear that Serbia may invade so it stopped its influence on the Balkins and prepared for war, Germany then declared war
Describe the circumstances surrounding the United States entering the war?
The Zimmerman telegraph and the unrestricted submarine warfare
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