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22 terms

Pharm Exam 2

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Muscles:
Are regulated by the autonomic nervous system
Glands:
Are also regulated by the autonomic nervous system
Central NS:
Controls the Brain and Spinal Cord
Peripheral NS:
Controls the autonomic and somatic nervous systems
2 Parts of Autonomic NS:
Parasympathetic (cholinergic)
Sympathetic (adrenergic)
Fight or flight response:
Sympathetic Nervous System
Adrenergic Agents:
Drugs that stimulate the sympathetic nervous system
3 drugs that stimulate SNS:
Norepinephrine, Epinephrine, Dopamine
Andrenergic Drugs:
Epinephrine=Adrenaline
Norepinephrine=Levophed
Dopamine=Inotropin
Dobutamine=Dobutrex
Phenylephrine=Neo-Synephrine
Epinephrine is:
Adrenaline
Norepinephrine is:
Levophed
Dopamine is:
Inotropin
Dobutamine is:
Dobutrex
Phenylephrine is:
Neo-Synephrine
Alpha-Adrenergic Receptors:
Divided into Alpha 1 and Alpha 2 receptors, which are deifferentiated by their location on nerves
Alpha 1 Receptors:
Located on postsynaptic effector cells & accept neurotransmitters
Alpha 2 Receptors:
Located on PREsynaptic nerve terminals & control the release of neurotransmitters
Beta-Adrenergic Receptors:
Located on postsynaptic effector cells
Beta 1 adrenergic Receptors:
Located in the heart
Beta 2 adrenergic receptors:
Located in smooth muscle of the bronchioles, arterioles and visceral organs
β2-adrenergic agonists:
Also known as β2-adrenergic receptor agonists, are a class of drugs used to treat asthma and other pulmonary disease states.
Glycogenolysis (β2):
Biochemical breakdown of glycogen to glucose in the liver