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Terms in this set (34)
a large territory or group of many territories governed by one ruler
the act of training for a particular job
relating to the earliest period of the Stone Age
a government whose ruler, a king or queen, inherits the position from a parent
people who move from place to place as a group to find food for themselves
a long poem that records the deeds of a legendary or real hero
the organized growing of food on a regular schedule
a pyramid-shaped structure with a temple at the top
A time when glaciers covered much of the land and humans traveled from Asia to the Americas.
belief in more than one god
To adopt an animal to live with humans for the advantage of humans
a place where people worship
Standard of Living
A level of wealth or riches a family has
the act of moving from one place to another
Negative reasons for wanting to leave a place with the intent to live in another place permanently.
Positive reasons for wanting to move to a different place
Relating to the latest period of the Stone Age. A time of increased food, productivity, specialization and trade
the period in ancient human culture when people began to make and use bronze
People got food during the Paleolithic age by going to markets, by men hunting animals, and gathering.
How did people get food in the Paleolithic Age?
People moved from Asia to the America's from the land bridge formed during the last Ice Age.
What human migration occurred during the last Ice Age?
Farming changed people's lives by:
1. Increased human population
2. Crop production increases trade and spread of agriculture.
How did farming change people's lives?
Farming during the Neolithic Age led to new types of economic activity by:
Founding of crops
How did farming during the Neolithic Age lead to new types of economic activities?
What are push factors?
Examples are moving because of lack of food or water, natural disaster, a lack of jobs and war (emigration)
What are examples of pull factors?
Moving to something for more food or water, a better climate, higher wages, and more freedom (immigration)
1 food surplus
2 better protection
1 Land becomes more scarce
2 diet caused problems like tooth decay
3 difficult farming led to arthritis
4 a class system caused some people to become oppressed
Communities began to grow during the Neolithic Age. List 2 advantages & 2 disadvantages
Yes, we have evidence of villages and homes having shrines to their gods.
We're the people of the Neolithic Age religious in nature? If yes, give evidence.
Innovations in farming greatly increased food production, allowing people to have better nutrition and live long. They had more children and the children survived longer.
How did innovations in farming lead to a rise in world population?
Sumer was located in the Fertile Crescent. It was between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
Describe where the civilization of Sumer was located. Be specific.
1 Irrigation techniques
2 Wheeled cart
3 Money used
4 Written language
5 Measurement system based upon 60
6 1st civilization
What were 2 Sumerian achievements?
SUMER SOCIAL CLASSES
1 At the top were the King and Royal family
2 Under the King were priests and military commanders
3 Next there was a middle class of farmers and skilled craftsman
4 At the very bottom were slaves
How wee people organized in Ancient Sumer (Describe the different social classes)
The Assyrians were so successful beaus they were the first to use siege warfare.
They were able to breakdown the large walls that protected large cities using battering rams.
They also used siege towers that would roll up to enemy cities and get over the walls to attack.
Why were the Assyrians so successful at battle?
King Nebuchadnezzar II was the greatest Babylonian king.
He achieved :
1 building the city of Babylon
2 hanging towers of Babylon
3 encouraged the study of art and science
4 built a giant ziggurat in the city
5 built the temple or Marduk
Who was the greatest or most well-known Babylonian king, and what did he achieve?
The Babylonians were much kinder to those they ruled over.
They allowed cities to have more control over their own affairs like the court systems.
Who would you rather have ruling over you, the Assyrians or the Babylonians and why?
Be able to draw & label
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
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