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22 terms

bones quiz

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bones
the individual parts of a hard interior framework that provides shape and protection for the body
cartilage
a rubbery flexible material that sometimes connects bones and provides shape for some body parts including the nose and ears
joint
the place where two bones meet
skeleton
the system that includes all the bones in the body
skull
a hollow case, made from 18 dused bony plates and two jaw bones, that surrounds and protects the brain, inner ears and eyes
torso
the main part of the body, including the shoulders, chest, abdomen and hips
the functions(jobs) of the skeleton are:
1:to give the body its shape, 2:to support the body. 3:to protect important body organs: 4: to help the body move
206
the human body has this many bones
what does the skull protect
the brain and sense organs, eyes, nose, inner ears and tongue
what does the rib cage protect
the heart, lungs, stomach, spleen and liver
what does the vertebrae of the spine protect
the spinal cord
what does the pelvis protect
the intestines and the bladder
bones of many mammals
they are the same in number and shape, but are different in size
the shape of a bone
is often a clue to its function or job
as you grow
your skeleton grows and changes, your bones grow and some even fuse together
teeth
these are not bones
individual bones
they are hard and do not bend, the skeleton is flexible. it can bend between bones at joints.
where is cartilage found
found at the enones. it protects the bones and helps joints move smoothly
what are the bones of the spine called
vertebrae, they have cartilage between them, allowing the spine to bend and twist.
femur
the longest bone in the human body, upper leg
what are the smallest bones in the human body
the hammer, anvil and stirrup in the inner ear
what are bones made of
mostly calcium and protein. bones need oxygen, vitamins and mineral to stay strong. a good diet and plenty of exercise can help keep bones healthy and strong.