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21 terms

Religion - Vocabulary Unit 2

STUDY
PLAY
canon
of the scriptures refers to the Church's list of books of the Bible. of the mass is another name for the Eucharistic prayer. Canon law is the official body of laws for Catholics.
reason
the natural ability human beings have to know and understand truth.
revelation
god's self-communication and disclosure of the divine plan to humankind through creation, events, persons, and most fully, Jesus Christ.
Covanent
a solemn agreement between human beings or between God and a human being in which mutual commitments are recognized; also called a testament. (1) Between God and the ancient people of Israel established in God's Sinai Covanent with Moses; also called the Old Testament or Old Covanent. (2) the New Covanent established by Jesus through his sacrificial death and Resurrection; also called the New Testament. The term testament has come to be associated primarily with the Sacred Scriptures that record the history and meaning of the two bibilical covanents.
apostolic Tradition
refers to the process of passing on the Gospel message. Tradition, which began with the oral communication of the Gospel by the Apostles, was written down in the Scriptures, is handed down and lived out in the life of the Church, and is interpreted by the Magisterium under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.
Scriptures
Generally, the term for any sacred writing. For Christians, the Old and New Testament that makes us the Bible and are recognized as the Word of the God.
Gospel
Most basically, "the good news" of the Revelation of God in and through Jesus Christ, proclaimed initially by him, then by the Apostles, and now by the Church, also refers to those four books of the New Testament.
New Testamant
The twenty-seven books of the Bible written during the early years of the Church in response to the life, mission, death, and Ressurection of Jesus; also, another name for the New Covanent established between God and humanity by Jesus.
Magisterium
The name given the official teaching authority of the Church, whose task is to interpret and preserve the truths of the Church revealed in both the Scriptures and Tradition.
Salvation history
The pattern of events in human history that exemplify God's presence and savin actions. In Catholic thought, all of history is salvation history, even though God's presence may not be recognized.
Israelites
The Chosen People of God; members of the twelve trives descended from Jacod who inhabited the land of Israel during biblical times.
Law
Another name for the Ten Commandments, it is also called the Law of Moses or the Old Law.
Old Testament
The fourty-six books of the Bible that record the history of salvation from Creation, through the story of ancient Israel, and up to the time of Jesus; also refers to the Old Covanent established between God and the people of Israel in God's encounter with Moses on Mt.Sinai.
Inspiration
the guidance of the Holy Spirit in the development of the Scriptures, whereby the Spirit guided the human authors to teach without error those truths of God neccessary for our salvation. it is on the basis of inspiration that we can call the Buble the word of God.
faith
In general, the blief in the existence of God. For Christians, the gift of God by which one freely acceps God's full Revelation in Jesus Christ. It is amatter of both the head and the heart; also, one of the three theological virtues.
religion
the beliefs and practices followed by those committed tothe Gospel of Jesus and full participation in the life of the Church. By virtues of the First Commandment, the first duty of a religious person is to worship and serve God alone.
denominations
A group of religious organizations uniting under a single legal and administrative body and subscribing to the same creed and moral.
ecumenism
The movement to restore unity among the Christian Churches, and, ultimately of all humans throughout the whole wide world.
Catholic Church
The name given to the universal group of Christian communities that is in communion with the Pope, the successor of Peter. It was established by Christ on the foundation of his Apostles.
salvation
Liberation from sin and eternal union with God in Heaven. Is accomplished by God alone through the Paschal Mystery - the dying and rising of Jesus Christ.
creed
An official profession of faith, usually prepared and presented by a council of the Church and used in the Church's liturgy. Based on Latin credo, meaning "I believe", the most familiar Catholic creeds are the Apostles' and Nicene.