Create an account
a conflict between Britain and China, lasting from 1839 to 1842, over Britain's opium trade in China
a mid-19th century rebellion against the Qing Dynasty in China, led by Hong Xiuquan
Dowager Empress Cixi
held the reins of power in China from 1862 to 1908; supported certain reforms; aimed to update China's educational systems, service, and military
Sphere of influence
a foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and other economic activities
Open Door Policy
policy, proposed by the United States in 1899, under which all nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China
"Death to the foreign devils"
the Boxers surrounded the European section in the city and screamed this
Commodore Matthew Perry
took 4 ships on what is now the Tokyo Harbor; these ships were massive and steam powered; the ships canons all shocked them
President Millard Fillmore
a president who wrote a polite letter asking the shogun to allow free trade between the United States and Japan
Treaty of Kanagawa
an 1854 agreement between the United States and Japan, which opened two Japanese ports to U.S. ships and allowed the United States to set up an embassy in Japan
the period of Japanese history from 1867 to 1912, during which the country was ruled by Emperor Mutsuhito
1904-1905 conflict between Russia and Japan, sparked by the two countries' efforts to dominate Manchuria and Korea
Japan evolved this from black and white prints created by Buddhists in the 700s. By the 1800's, people learned how to create multicolor prints
President Domingo Sarmiento
reform-minded president that made strong commitments to improving education
policy of opposition to European interference in Latin America, announced by President James Monroe in 1823
a writer who had been exiled by Cuba by the Spanish, returned to launch a second war for Cuban independence
a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the United States supported Cubans' fight for independence
a human-made waterway connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, built in Panama by the United States and opened in 1914
President Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, in which he declared that the United States had the right to exercise "police power" throughout the Western Hemisphere
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna (He went by Santa Anna.)
played a leading role in Mexico's fight to independence, fought against Spain, and became Mexico's president; he was a clever politician
Battle of San Jacinto
Santa Anna was defeated and captured; Sam Houston released him but as soon as he went back to Mexico, he was oused from power
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
the U.S. and Mexico signed this; the US received the northern third of what was Mexico
a liberal reformer that strongly influenced the politics of Mexico; he was the complete opposite of Santa Anna; he was very poor and orphaned at the age of 3; he worked primarily to serve his country
an Indian from Oaxaca, became a noted general in war, fought against the French; Diaz took control by ousting the president; Indians and small landholders supported him
a man that was educated in the US and in France; from a very rich family; believed in democracy; wanted to strengthen its hold in Mexico
immensely popular; had a bold Robin Hood policy of taking money from the rich and giving it to the poor
raised a powerful revolutionary army; came from a poor family; wanted laws reformed to protect the poor people's rights
took control of the government and then turned his army on his former revolutionary allies; began a revision in Mexico's constitution, did not support the final version of the constitution; overthrown by Alvaro Obregon
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together