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47 terms

Chapter 28 Haley Vocabulary

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Opium War
a conflict between Britain and China, lasting from 1839 to 1842, over Britain's opium trade in China
Extraterritorial rights
an exemption of foreign residents from the laws of a country
Taiping Rebellion
a mid-19th century rebellion against the Qing Dynasty in China, led by Hong Xiuquan
taiping
great peace
Dowager Empress Cixi
held the reins of power in China from 1862 to 1908; supported certain reforms; aimed to update China's educational systems, service, and military
Sphere of influence
a foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and other economic activities
Open Door Policy
policy, proposed by the United States in 1899, under which all nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China
Boxer Rebellion
a 1900 revolt in China, aimed at ending foreign influence in the country
"Death to the foreign devils"
the Boxers surrounded the European section in the city and screamed this
Commodore Matthew Perry
took 4 ships on what is now the Tokyo Harbor; these ships were massive and steam powered; the ships canons all shocked them
President Millard Fillmore
a president who wrote a polite letter asking the shogun to allow free trade between the United States and Japan
Treaty of Kanagawa
an 1854 agreement between the United States and Japan, which opened two Japanese ports to U.S. ships and allowed the United States to set up an embassy in Japan
Meiji
enlightened rule
Meiji Era
the period of Japanese history from 1867 to 1912, during which the country was ruled by Emperor Mutsuhito
Mutsuhito
Emperor Meiji's personal name
Russo-Japanese War
1904-1905 conflict between Russia and Japan, sparked by the two countries' efforts to dominate Manchuria and Korea
Annexation
the adding of a region to the territory of an existing political unit
Woodblock printing
Japan evolved this from black and white prints created by Buddhists in the 700s. By the 1800's, people learned how to create multicolor prints
Peonage
laborers with little control over their employment conditions
Caudillo
a military dictator of a Latin America country
Juan Vicente Gomez
a typical ruthless caudillo who ruled Venezuela for 30 years
President Domingo Sarmiento
reform-minded president that made strong commitments to improving education
James Monroe
the president that issued the Monroe Doctrine
Monroe Doctrine
policy of opposition to European interference in Latin America, announced by President James Monroe in 1823
Jose Marti
a writer who had been exiled by Cuba by the Spanish, returned to launch a second war for Cuban independence
Spanish-American War
a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the United States supported Cubans' fight for independence
Yellow fever
A disease that mosquitoes carried and spread to people
Malaria
A disease that mosquitoes carried and spread to people
Panama Canal
a human-made waterway connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, built in Panama by the United States and opened in 1914
President Theodore Roosevelt
president that issued an extension to the Monroe Doctrine
Roosevelt Corollary
President Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, in which he declared that the United States had the right to exercise "police power" throughout the Western Hemisphere
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna (He went by Santa Anna.)
played a leading role in Mexico's fight to independence, fought against Spain, and became Mexico's president; he was a clever politician
Steven Austin
a leading Anglo that encouraged a revolt against Mexico
Battle of San Jacinto
Santa Anna was defeated and captured; Sam Houston released him but as soon as he went back to Mexico, he was oused from power
Sam Houston
released Santa Anna from prison once he promised to respect the independence of Texas
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
the U.S. and Mexico signed this; the US received the northern third of what was Mexico
Benito Juarez
a liberal reformer that strongly influenced the politics of Mexico; he was the complete opposite of Santa Anna; he was very poor and orphaned at the age of 3; he worked primarily to serve his country
La Reforma
a liberal reform movement in 19th-century Mexico,led by Benito Juarez
Ponciano Arriaga
a lawyer and politician that pushed for equal rights
Porfirio Diaz
an Indian from Oaxaca, became a noted general in war, fought against the French; Diaz took control by ousting the president; Indians and small landholders supported him
Francisco Madero
a man that was educated in the US and in France; from a very rich family; believed in democracy; wanted to strengthen its hold in Mexico
"Pancho" Villa
immensely popular; had a bold Robin Hood policy of taking money from the rich and giving it to the poor
Emiliano Zapata
raised a powerful revolutionary army; came from a poor family; wanted laws reformed to protect the poor people's rights
"Tierra y Libertad"
means land and liberty; Zapata's battle cry
General Victoriano Huerta
unpopular with many people; took over presidency
Venustiano Carranza
took control of the government and then turned his army on his former revolutionary allies; began a revision in Mexico's constitution, did not support the final version of the constitution; overthrown by Alvaro Obregon
General Alvaro Obregon
supported the reforms of the constitution; particularly land reform; promoted public education; policies helped unite religions