Mythology Gods


Terms in this set (...)

Mt. Olympus
The Greeks believed the earth to be flat and circular; the central point being either Mount Olympus, the abode of the gods
the god of archery, medicine, prophecy, music, and also sun; was the son of Jupiter and Latona, and brother of Diana (Artemis).
were the daughters of Jupiter and Mnemosyne; They presided over song, and prompted the memory. They were nine in number, to each of whom was assigned the presidence over some particular department of literature, art, or science. Calliope was the muse of epic poetry, Clio of history, Euterpe of lyric poetry, Melpomene of tragedy, Terpsichore of choral dance and song, Erato of love poetry, Polyhymnia of sacred poetry, Urania of astronomy, Thalia of comedy.
an ancient Italian deity. It was attempted to identify him with the Grecian god Cronos, and fabled that after his dethronement by Jupiter he fled to Italy, where he reigned during what was called the Golden Age. (known for equality)Was the father of zues. his reign is said to have been the golden age of innocence and purity, and on the other he is described as a monster who devoured his children.
Was the mother of zues. Rhea was of the race of titans, who were the children of Earth and Heaven, which sprang from Chaos
Was one of the titans. was condemned to bear up the heavens on his shoulders.
Zues/ Jupiter
called the father of gods and men. espoused Metis (Prudence), who administered a draught to Saturn which caused him to disgorge his children. Jupiter, with his brothers and sisters, now rebelled against their father Saturn and his brothers the Titans. Zues also escaped the fate of his father
Poseidon/ Neptune
Neptune was god of the ocean.
Hades/ Pluto
Pluto was the god of the realm of the dead
Hera/ Juno
was the wife of Jupiter, and queen of the gods. Iris, the goddess of the rainbow, was her attendant and messenger. The peacock was her favourite bird.
Hephaestos/ Vulcan
the celestial artist, was the son of Jupiter and Juno. He was born lame, and his mother was so displeased at the sight of him that she flung him out of heaven. Other accounts say that Jupiter kicked him out for taking part with his mother in a quarrel which occurred between them. Vulcan's lameness, according to this account, was the consequence of his fall. He was a whole day falling, and at last alighted in the Island of Lemnos, which was thenceforth sacred to him
Artemis/ Diana
was the goddess of the moon. Artemis was the virgin goddess of the hunt.
Ares/ Mars
the god of war, was the son of Jupiter and Juno. His animal was the wolf and his bird the raven, or crow
Aphrodite/ Venus
the goddess of love and beauty, was the daughter of Jupiter and Dione. All were charmed with her beauty, and each one demanded her for his wife. Jupiter gave her to Vulcan, in gratitude for the service he had rendered in forging thunderbolts. Her favourite birds were swans and doves, and the plants sacred to her were the rose and the myrtle.
Cupid/ Eros
the god of love, was the son of Venus. He was her constant companion; and, armed with bow and arrows, he shot the darts of desire into the bosoms of both gods and men. When his brother was born, he grew rapidly in size and strength
Athena/ Minerva
the goddess of wisdom; was the offspring of Jupiter, without a mother. She sprang forth from his head completely armed. Her favourite bird was the owl, and the plant sacred to her the olive.
Hermes/ Mercury
was the son of Jupiter and Maia. He presided over commerce, wrestling, and other gymnastic exercises, even over thieving, and everything, in short, which required skill and dexterity. He was the messenger of Jupiter, and wore a winged cap and winged shoes. He bore in his hand a rod entwined with two serpents, called the caduceus. This symbol of Medicine is what he used to escort the souls of the dead to Hades. Mercury is said to have invented the lyre.
Demeter/ Ceres
Ceres presided over agriculture. Her daughter was Proserpine
The Morirae/ Parcae (Fates) were also three — Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos. Their office was to spin the thread of human destiny, and they were armed with shears, with which they cut it off when they pleased. They were the daughters of Themis (Law), who sits by Jove on his throne to give him counsel.
Pan/ Faunus
was the god of flocks and shepherds. His favourite residence was in Arcadia. the grandson of Saturn, was worshipped as the god of fields and shepherds, and also as a prophetic god. His name in the plural, Fauns, expressed a class of gamesome deities, like the Satyrs of the Greeks.
Hestia/ Vestus
a deity presiding over the public and private hearth. A sacred fire, tended by six virgin priestesses called Vestals, flamed in her temple
the porter of heaven. He opens the year, the first month being named after him. He is the guardian deity of gates, on which account he is commonly represented with two heads, because every door looks two ways. His temples at Rome were numerous. In war time the gates of the principal one were always open
Lares, or Lars, were also household gods, but differed from the Penates in being regarded as the deified spirits of mortals. The family Lars were held to be the souls of the ancestors, who watched over and protected their descendants. The words Lemur and Larva more nearly correspond to our word Ghost.
were the gods who were supposed to attend to the welfare and prosperity of the family. Their name is derived from Penus, the pantry, which was sacred to them. Every master of a family was the priest of the Penates of his own house.