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Based on chapter 3 Oxford Psychology units 3 & 4


A psychoactive drug of dependence, a depressant that slows or depresses the nervous system ad,s as a result alters our stae of consciousness.

altered state of consciousness

A condition of awareness which is distinctly different in experience from normal waking consciousness, in terms of the level of awareness, quality or intensity of sensations, perceptions, thoughts, feelings and memories experienced


Relates to the information that you are actively processing, either consciously or even outside your conscious awareness. The focus of attention.

automatic processes

States of consciousness that require little attention and do not interfere with other ongoing activities.


the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating


the state of being conscious; awareness of one's own existence, sensations, thoughts, surroundings, etc.

continuum of awareness

Consciousness is usually described as being on a continuum, ranging from high levels of focused attention through to the lowest levels of consciousness, complete lack of awareness.

controlled processes

When information processing involves conscious, alert awareness and mental effort focused on achieving a particular goal.


Apparently effortless shifts in attention away from here and now into a private world of make-believe, an ASC

divided attention

the ability to distribute one's attention and simultaneously engage in two or more activities


Group of techniques designed to refocus attention, block out all distractions, and produce an alternate state of consciousness.

normal waking consciousness

A state of consciousness associated with being awake and aware of our thoughts, memories, feelings and sensations we are experiencing from the outside world.


the process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us to recognize meaningful objects and events

psychoactive drugs

Chemicals that affect nervous system and, as a result, may alter consciousness and awareness, influence how we sence and perceive things, and modify our moods, feelings, emotions, thoughts

selective attention

The focusing of attention on selected aspects of the environment and the blocking out of others

state of consciousness

Level of awareness of our internal state and external environment

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