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Exam 3 Sport History
Terms in this set (75)
In what year did Robert Irsay move the Baltimore Colts to Indy?
In what year did Art Modell move the Browns to Baltimore?
What year did the NFL promise Cleveland a new team by?
The Houston Oilers became...
The St. Louis Cardinals moved to...
The LA Rams moved to...
# of major league teams in 1950
# of major league teams in 2015
Boston Braves moved to...
The Brooklyn Dodgers moved to...
The New York Giants moved to...
new trend for financing stadiums
-A clause in a player's standard contract that gives a team the option to renew the player for the following season.
-basically the contract is owned by the team
-People who stood for Labor Reform in baseball
-Hired by 1966 Players Association
Marvin Miller and Kurt Flood
-if a player refused to sign in his last year, he must remain w/ team for a year
1975 Loop Hole
What season and World Series were cancelled because of labor disputes?
When did NFL/AFL merger occur?
When did a strike occur towards the NFL that was harmful to the game?
What is the salary cap per team in the NFL
NFL players given free agency after how many years?
Fastest growing sport at the end of the 20th century
How many points did Wilt Chamberlain have in one game?
How many points did Wilt Chamberlain average?
How many rebounds did Wilt Chamberlain have?
US Supreme Court overturns "Separate but equal"
May 17, 1954
Year of Montgomery Bus Boycott- Rosa Parks
Civil rights laws are passed in the United States- what years?
-assignment of players to less central positions on the basis of race or ethnicity
-a racial policy on teams
schools that were sending players to the NFL
Grambling, Southern, Jackson State, Prairie View
-won the lightweight division at the 1960 Rome Olympics
-Became a Muslim and declared his opposition to the Vietnam War
Cassius Clay Jr.
Year Muhammad Ali was striped of his titled
Year Muhammad Ali's title was returned back to him
- formed the Olympic Project for Human Rights
- group endorsed a boycott of the 1968 Olympics in Mexico with Jesse Owens and Willie Mays
-UTEP wins case because of a forfeiture and 12,000 under cancellation contract
San Jose vs. UTEP
Percentage of African Americans in baseball in 1976
Percentage of African Americans in baseball in 2016
Percentage of Hispanics in baseball in 2016
Percentage of Asians in baseball in 2016
-first great Hispanic baseball player
-15 All Star games
-.317 life time average
-240 homeruns: 3,000 base hits
-First black manager in MLB
-Cleveland Indians 1975
-This MLB player broke Babe Ruth's homerun record when he hit his 715th homerun in 1974.
-Never more than 50 homers in a season
-Enough threats against for FBI investigation
-Retired in 1976 with a grand total of 755 HR
-the youngest and first A. American to win the Masters golf tournament (21 years old)
-won US amateur at 19 years old
-won 71 official PGA tournaments, 14 major victories: Jack Nicklaus won 18
-Career in decline at 40, unlikely he will reach 18 majors
-grew up in gang infested Compton, CA
-at ages of 10 and 12 they were dominating tennis scene in LA
Serena and Venus Williams
How many tournaments/ prize money has Serena Williams won?
68 tournaments/ 70 million
How many tournaments/ prize money has Venus Williams won?
46 tournaments/ 30 million
"the games committee conducting any NCAA event shall limit participation to eligible male student athletes"
1965 NCAA Title IX ruling
Year Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) was established
Year NCAA overtakes the AIAW
Allowed government to cut off all funding to schools that violate Title IX. As a result equity in college spending on sports has resulted in the cutting of some men's programs.
Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1988
- Case dealing with the application of Title IX
- One of the biggest setbacks for women since the passage of Title IX in 1972
- Court found that Title IX was applicable only to those parts of the institution that received federal funding; thus, athletics were excluded
Grove City College v. Bell (1984)
-Tennessee Women's basketball coach
-Assistant coach for 1984 Olympic team
-1,098-208 win/loss career record
How many SEC titles did Pat Summit win
How many national championships did Pat Summit win?
-Connecticut Women's Basketball coach
-Olympic coach: 2000, 2012, 2016
How many conference titles did Geno Auriemma win?
How many national championships did Geno Auriemma win?
-72 career tournament wins
-6 Wimbledon singles titles, 14 doubles titles
-$2 million in career winnings
Billie Jean King
-"Battle of the Sexes" male opponent
-Largest crowd in tennis history: 35,000
-Played in the Astrodome in 1973
Battle of the Sexes
In November 1996, women at Brown University won a ruling in federal court that the University discriminated against women when it demoted its women's gymnastics and volleyball teams from university-funded to donor-funded varsity status and then argued that it was in compliance with Title IX. The court said that Brown violated Title IX and rejected Brown's challenge to Title IX, which was based on the stereotype that men are more interested in sports participation than are women. The Supreme Court declined Brown's petition to hear the case, and the women's teams were restored to university-funded status.
Cohen v. Brown University
On what date were 4 Kent state students killed by the national guard
May 5, 1970
-University of Minnesota
-led the American team in the Olympics
-US beat Soviet Union (paid amateur players) in gold medal game: 4-3
Coach Herb Brooks
-The announcer for Olympic Hockey during the 1980 Winter Olympics
-His commentary at the end of the game "Do you believe in Miracles!" is referred to often in sports
-President of the Olympics (during Cold War) who promoted and idealistic view of the game
-created an Olympic flag in 1914 - red, green, black, orange, blue interlocking circles
-His idealist vision ignored the history of Greek athletes as essentially being full-time athletes
first two women's sports introduced to the Olympics
swimming and gymnastics
-USSR boycott Japan/Germany were not invited because of WWII
1948 London Olympics
- Free/independent committee in USSR was fantasy
- Soviet athletes were employees of the state
1952 Helsinki and the Soviet controversy
-First live broadcast of the Olympics
-CBS obtained rights for $50,000
1960 Winter Olympics
-rights purchased for $500,000 by ABC
- video flown to New York
1960 Rome Olympics
-took place in Mexico
-resulted in American suspension
1968 Black Power Salute
-celebrated the return of Germany to international respect
-September 5 at 5:00 a.m. the Israeli team was taken hostage by Palestinian Terrorists
-Terrorist were shot by sharp shooters but several Israeli athletes were executed
-The US vs. Soviet basketball game ended in a huge controversy - three seconds added
1972 Munich Games
Boycotted by the United States (President Carter) in response to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
1980 Summer Olympics
in response to the 1980 US boycott, the USSR boycotts this Olympics
1984 Los Angeles Olympics
team who lost the dream
coach of the redeem team