16 terms

Music History Quiz 2

Roman de Fauvel
-A narrative poem satirizing corruption.
-Written about a jackass who rises up from a stable to a powerful position (his name an acrostic for the sins he personifies)
Isorhythmic Motet
Type of motet with equal rhythms, typically sung by tenors.
-tenors are laid out in segments of identical rhythm.
In isorhythmic motet, the repeating rhytmic unit.
In isorhythmic motet, the recurring melody.
Two voices alternate in rapid succession, one resting while the other sings. (In French, "hiccup")
Messe de Notre Dame
"Mass of Our Lady"
-first polyphonic cycle of Mass Ordinary to be written by a single composer and conceived as a unit.
-in 6 movements
Ars Nova
"new art" or "new technique" composers carried their innovations much further. Created complex rhythms in different voices.
Landini Cadence
in polyphony of the 14th and 15th century, a decorated sixth to octave cadence in which the upper voice moves down a step, then rises a third as the tenor descends a step
Ars Subtilor
"The subtler art" -- in the late 14th century music becoming even more refined.
-decorated scores
-heart-shaped scores, etc.
Musica ficta
"false music" or "feigned music".
-use of certain chromatic alterations
-lowered/raised notes to avoid tritones
-often accidentals not written into text
France, 1300-1377
Place & years of: Guillaume de Machaut
Europe, 1348-1350
Place & years of: The Great Plague
France & England, 1337-1453
Place & years of: 100 Years' War
Italy, 1325-1397
Place & years of: Francesco Landini
France, 1291-1361
Place & years of: Philippe de Vitry
France, 1390-1453
Place & years of: John Dunstable