70 terms

Disasters

Natural, Unusual and Man-Made...
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Cyclone
A violent rotating windstorm with low pressure on the inside and high pressure outside.
Hurricane
A severe tropical cyclone usually with heavy rains and very strong wind.
Typhoon
A Hurricane over the North-West Pacific Ocean.
Earthquake
A shaking or sliding of the ground. It is caused by the sudden movement of masses of rock along a fault or by changes in the size and shape of masses of rock beneath the earth's surface.
Tornado
A destructive, rotating column of air that has very high wind speeds and that may be visible as a funnel-shaped cloud
Tsunami
A giant wave usually caused by an earthquake beneath the ocean floor.
Flood
A very heavy flow of water, which is greater than normal, spilling into a normally dry area.
Wildfire
Combustion marked by flames or intense heat that spreads quickly over an area.
Drought
A long period of time without rain.
Avalanche
A great mass of ice, earth, or snow mixed with rocks sliding down a mountain
Landslide
A downslope movement of rock and soil over a surface and under the influence of gravity. Slumps, earthflows, debris flows are examples.
Volcano
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
Sinkhole
A circular depression that forms when rock dissolves, when overlying sediment fills an existing cavity, or when the roof of an underground cavern or mine collapses
Maelstrom
A whirlpool of great size and violence.
Thunderstorm
A convective storm (cumulonimbus cloud) with lightning.
Heatwave
A prolonged period of very hot weather
Hailstorm
A storm with wind and balls of ice that fall like rain.
Blizzard
A heavy snowstorm with strong winds.
Firenado
A flame-filled funnel cloud.
Limnic Eruption
Also referred to as a lake overturn; a rare type of natural disaster in which dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) suddenly erupts from deep lake water, suffocating wildlife, livestock and humans.
Atom Bomb
A nuclear weapon in which enormous energy is released by nuclear fission (splitting the nuclei of a heavy element like uranium 235 or plutonium 239).
Terrorism
Acts of violence designed to promote a specific ideology or agenda by creating panic among an enemy population
Oil Spill
The harmful release of petroleum into the environment, destroying plant and animal life.
Disaster
A sudden catastrophic event in which people are injured and killed and property is damaged.
Natural Disaster
An extreme event that is the result of the Earth's processes and causes serious material damage or loss of life.
Man-made Disaster
A disaster caused by society's own actions, involuntary or voluntary, with grave consequence to the population and the environment.
Phenomenom
An observable event; something that is extraordinary.
counter-clockwise
In the direction opposite to the rotation of the hands of a clock. Earth revolves around the sun in this direction.
pressure
Force per surface area where the force is normal to the surface: measured in pascals.
Bangledesh
A Muslim republic in southern Asia bordered by India to the north and west and east and the Bay of Bengal to the south.
seismic wave
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake.
seismograph
A device that measures the strength of an earthquake.
violent
Ferocious; furious; fierce.
humidity
The amount of water vapor in the air
magma
A body of molten rock found at depth, including any dissolved gases and crystals.
debris
Scattered fragments, wreckage
Norway
A country in Scandinavia bordered by Sweden. Finland, and in the far north by Russia.
Peru
A South American country; Capitol city is Lima.
sleet
Clear ice particles formed when raindrops freeze before they reach the ground
hypothermia
Abnormal lowering of the body temp below 35 C or 95 F. Usually caused by prolonged exposure to cold.
projectile
An object thrown into the air with great force.
frostbite
A condition that results when body tissues become frozen.
suffocating
Causing difficulty in breathing especially through lack of fresh air and presence of heat
negligence
Carelessness often resulting in injury.
"The Fat Man"
The name of the second atom bomb dropped in WW2.
Hiroshima
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II.
Nagasaki
Japanese city devastated during World War II when the United States dropped the second atomic bomb on Aug 8th, 1945.
hi-jacker
A person that overtakes and diverts a plane by force.
heatstroke
A severe, life-threatening condition caused by exposure to excessive natural or artificially high-temperature.
ravage
(v.) to destroy, lay waste, ruin; (n.) ruinous damage, destruction
affect
to produce a change
thrash
beat with a whip or flail; move wildly or violently
magnitude
Greatness of size, strength, or importance
aftershock
A tremor (or one of a series of tremors) following an earthquake
epicenter
Point on Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earthquake
underestimate
to think something is less than it really is
mishandle
to deal with something badly
infrastructure
roads and bridges a country needs to function
destructive
causing a large amount of damage
overwhelming
something so confusing or difficult you feel unable to do it
infamous
known to be bad
catastrophe
An event resulting in great loss and misfortune
calamity
A serious event causing distress or misfortune
adjective
words used to describe what things are like
synonym
having the same general meaning
casualty
A person killed or injured in a war or accident.
financial burden
a strain on monetary resources
headline
Large type designed to summarize a story and grab the reader's attention
lead statement
The first line in a news article, meant to entice the reader to continue...
Little Boy
First atomic weapon, exploded 1,800 feet over Hiroshima, Japan. on August 6, 1945