Natural, Unusual and Man-Made...
Terms in this set (...)
A violent rotating windstorm with low pressure on the inside and high pressure outside.
A severe tropical cyclone usually with heavy rains and very strong wind.
A Hurricane over the North-West Pacific Ocean.
A shaking or sliding of the ground. It is caused by the sudden movement of masses of rock along a fault or by changes in the size and shape of masses of rock beneath the earth's surface.
A destructive, rotating column of air that has very high wind speeds and that may be visible as a funnel-shaped cloud
A giant wave usually caused by an earthquake beneath the ocean floor.
A very heavy flow of water, which is greater than normal, spilling into a normally dry area.
Combustion marked by flames or intense heat that spreads quickly over an area.
A long period of time without rain.
A great mass of ice, earth, or snow mixed with rocks sliding down a mountain
A downslope movement of rock and soil over a surface and under the influence of gravity. Slumps, earthflows, debris flows are examples.
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
A circular depression that forms when rock dissolves, when overlying sediment fills an existing cavity, or when the roof of an underground cavern or mine collapses
A whirlpool of great size and violence.
A convective storm (cumulonimbus cloud) with lightning.
A prolonged period of very hot weather
A storm with wind and balls of ice that fall like rain.
A heavy snowstorm with strong winds.
A flame-filled funnel cloud.
Also referred to as a lake overturn; a rare type of natural disaster in which dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) suddenly erupts from deep lake water, suffocating wildlife, livestock and humans.
A nuclear weapon in which enormous energy is released by nuclear fission (splitting the nuclei of a heavy element like uranium 235 or plutonium 239).
Acts of violence designed to promote a specific ideology or agenda by creating panic among an enemy population
The harmful release of petroleum into the environment, destroying plant and animal life.
A sudden catastrophic event in which people are injured and killed and property is damaged.
An extreme event that is the result of the Earth's processes and causes serious material damage or loss of life.
A disaster caused by society's own actions, involuntary or voluntary, with grave consequence to the population and the environment.
An observable event; something that is extraordinary.
In the direction opposite to the rotation of the hands of a clock. Earth revolves around the sun in this direction.
Force per surface area where the force is normal to the surface: measured in pascals.
A Muslim republic in southern Asia bordered by India to the north and west and east and the Bay of Bengal to the south.
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake.
A device that measures the strength of an earthquake.
Ferocious; furious; fierce.
The amount of water vapor in the air
A body of molten rock found at depth, including any dissolved gases and crystals.
Scattered fragments, wreckage
A country in Scandinavia bordered by Sweden. Finland, and in the far north by Russia.
A South American country; Capitol city is Lima.
Clear ice particles formed when raindrops freeze before they reach the ground
Abnormal lowering of the body temp below 35
C or 95
F. Usually caused by prolonged exposure to cold.
An object thrown into the air with great force.
A condition that results when body tissues become frozen.
Causing difficulty in breathing especially through lack of fresh air and presence of heat
Carelessness often resulting in injury.
"The Fat Man"
The name of the second atom bomb dropped in WW2.
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II.
Japanese city devastated during World War II when the United States dropped the second atomic bomb on Aug 8th, 1945.
A person that overtakes and diverts a plane by force.
A severe, life-threatening condition caused by exposure to excessive natural or artificially high-temperature.
(v.) to destroy, lay waste, ruin; (n.) ruinous damage, destruction
to produce a change
beat with a whip or flail; move wildly or violently
Greatness of size, strength, or importance
A tremor (or one of a series of tremors) following an earthquake
Point on Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earthquake
to think something is less than it really is
to deal with something badly
roads and bridges a country needs to function
causing a large amount of damage
something so confusing or difficult you feel unable to do it
known to be bad
An event resulting in great loss and misfortune
A serious event causing distress or misfortune
words used to describe what things are like
having the same general meaning
A person killed or injured in a war or accident.
a strain on monetary resources
Large type designed to summarize a story and grab the reader's attention
The first line in a news article, meant to entice the reader to continue...
First atomic weapon, exploded 1,800 feet over Hiroshima, Japan. on August 6, 1945
Unit 2: Natural Hazards
AWL 7, 8 & 9
Grade 7 Units 11 & 12
IELTS/Academic Word List (November)
Global Public Health Midterm
Essential Words for the IELTS, Unit 2