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30 terms

section A

STUDY
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All of the following are characteristics of the process of digestion except
C. saliva contains enzymes that digest sugars, fats, and
A diet for a person with a fat malabsorption syndrome would typically contain how many grams of fat?
C. 25 to 50 grams
Which of the following foods would be the most appropriate for a person with diverticulosis?
D. wheat bran
All of the following meet the guidelines for a post-gastrectomy diet except
A. unlimited liquids with meals
An appropriate food for a client with celiac disease is
C. applesauc
All of the following are included in medical nutrition therapy for constipation except
B. a low-fiber diet
Three-year-old Jenny is on antibiotics for 10 days. Inher mother was advised to add _____ to her diet. order to prevent complications
, D. yogurt
The purpose of bicarbonate in the digestive process is to
A. raise the pH of chyme
Why is there little or no digestion of starch in the stomach?
D. Salivary enzymes do not work in an acid environment
The home health care nurse is visiting Paul Cantu an 82-year-old man recovering from a stroke. Upon assessment, the nurse observes that Mr. Cantu has lost weight, has a hoarse voice, and exhibits a gurgling noise after swallowing. In this situation, the nurse should suspect
, B. dysphagia
The backflow of gastric contents from the stomach into the mouth is
D. A. an esophageal stricture.B. heartburn. C. reflux
Into what region of the intestinal tract does the stomach empty?
D. Duodenum
Examples of liquids that can be incorporated into a diet for a client with an order for spoon-thick liquids include all of the following except
C. yogurt
What is used to diagnose the cause of dysphagia?
E. A. barium swallow study B. endoscopy in the esophageal lumen C. neurological examination
What structure controls the passage of material from the small intestine to the large intestine?
B. Ileocecal valve
In the healthy state the lining of the small intestine has millions of villi, but in certain diseases the intestine appears "shaved" when viewed under a microscope. Which of the following would be the most likely consequence of not having these villi?
, B. Nutrient absorption will be poor
For patients with celiac disease dietitians recommend adapting their diets by
, A. following a gluten-free diet
Dan an alcoholic for the past 20 years, has been diagnosed with chronic pancreatitis. How can his physician determine whether pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy is helping Dan or not?
, B. monitor his fecal fat concentrations
Steve is finally able to eat solid foods after being hospitalized with acute pancreatitis six days ago. Which kind of diet would be most appropriate at this time?
D. low
Pain bloating, or discomfort in the upper abdominal area is termed ,
B. dyspepsia
Which of the following is a description of chyme?
B. A semiliquid mass of partially digested food released by the stomach into the small intestine
What is a bolus?
B. Portion of food swallowed at one time
Inflammation and lesions along the ileum and colon are called
B. Crohn's disease
What structure controls the release of material from the stomach to the small intestine?
B. Pyloric sphincter
Which of the following body organs does not secrete digestive enzymes?
A. Liver
Dietary recommendations for a person with diverticulosis include a
A. high-fiber diet
Which of the following is a feature of peristalsis?
D. It consists of wavelike muscular contractions resulting from alternate tightening and relaxing of circular muscles and longitudinal muscles
All of the following may be caused by dumping syndrome except
B. a reduction in heart rate
Which of the following is not a sphincter muscle?
C. Duodenum
Frequent reflux of highly acidic gastric fluids results in
A. inflammation and scarring of the esophagus