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30 terms

Section B

STUDY
PLAY
Which of the following is a common source of resistant starch?
Unripe bananas
In what organ is most of the body's glycogen found?
Muscles
Which one of the following characteristics is not associated with metabolic syndrome?
elevated HDL
Although the precise cause of metabolic syndrome is not known the close relationship between _____ and _____ is thought to be partly responsible.
abdominal obesity, insulin resistance
Which of the following has the greatest effect on blood glucose?
carbohydrate
Diet plans for patients with diabetes should provide _____ carbohydrate sources.
consistent
Which of the following plays a major role in the breakdown of certain types of dietary fiber in the large intestine?
Bacteria
All of the following foods are rich sources of soluble fiber except
legumes
Which of the following ethnic populations has the lowest relative risk for developing type 2 diabetes?
European Americans
Which of the following is a characteristic of dietary fibers?
They are classified according to solubility in water
A person with a fasting blood glucose level of 120 mg/dL would be classified as
prediabetic
Which of the following is a typical response of the body to changes in blood glucose?
Blood glucose levels that fall too low signal the release of glucagon
Which of the following is not a simple carbohydrate?
Starch
After you and your friend Dolores share pretzels and animal crackers she announces that she wants to start digesting her food by watching television. You inform Dolores that ,
carbohydrate digestion begins in the mouth through the action of amylase, so she has already begun digesting the snacks
All of the following are properties of fiber except
it elevates blood glucose levels
Sweating shakiness, and disorientation are all symptoms of ,
hypoglycemia
All of the following are symptoms of lactose intolerance except
constipation
Which of the following contains the least amount of fiber?
White rice
Prediabetes is used to classify blood glucose levels between normal and those of diabetes; that is if a fasting plasma glucose is between:,
100 and 125 mg/dL
Which of the following best describes clients with type 2 diabetes?
weight loss needed
_____ are the leading cause of death in people with diabetes accounting for 70% of deaths.
, Cardiovascular diseases
Which of the following is a feature of diabetes?
Dietary management should focus on total carbohydrate intake rather than the type of carbohydrate consumed
What is the primary storage form of carbohydrate in the body?
Glycogen
Type 2 diabetes generally develops in children and teens who
all of the above
All of the following are sources of dietary carbohydrates except
fish
What is the primary absorption site for digestible carbohydrates?
Small intestine
When blood glucose concentration falls what pancreatic hormone is secreted to stimulate release of stored glucose?,
Glucagon
If an individual with diabetes has an elevated LDL cholesterol level saturated fats should be limited to <_____ percent of kcalories and cholesterol intake should be limited to <_____ milligrams daily.,
7, 200
Which of the following is not a rich source of dietary starch?
Fruits
Glycogen is stored mainly in which of the following tissues?
Muscle and liver