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Key terms and boxes


an abnormal process in which aspects of the social, emotional, or intellectual condition and function of a person are diminished or impaired


a condition of physical, mental, and social well-being and the absence of disease or other abnormal conditions


a recipient of of a health care service


the art and science of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease and the maintenance of good health


of or pertaining to the whole; taking into consideration all factors

Dorothea Dix

Pioneer crusader for elevation of standards of care for the mentally ill.

Clara Barton

Developed the American Red Cross in 1881

Mary Ann Ball

Civil War nursing heroine
championed the rights and comforts of the soldiers,; organized diet kitchens, laundries, ambulance service; and supervised the nursing staff

Linda Richards

First trained American nurse
responsible for the development of the first nursing and hospital records
credited with the development of our present-day documentation system

Isabel Hampton Robb

started the NLN with Dock
Organized the first graded system of theory and practice in the schools of nursing
one of the founders of the American Journal of Nursing

Lavinia Dock

responsible, with Robb, for American Society of Superintendents of Training Schools- NLN (National League of Nursing)

Mary Eliza Mahoney

The first African American professional nurse
worked for acceptance of African-Americans in nursing

Lillian D. Wald

developed the public health nursing in the US through the founding of the Henry Street Settlement in NYC

Mary Adelaide Nutting

a leader in nursing education
developed curriculum concepts and aguidelines for student nurses
assisted in the development of the International Council of Nurses

Mary Breckenridge

pioneer in nurse-midwifery
established the Frontier Nursing Service - nurses traveled on horseback to reach mothers in the hills of Kentucky

Bellevue Hospital School of Nursing

NYC's foremost proponent of the Nightingale Plan in America


the granting of permission by a competent authority [usually a govt agency] to an organization or individual to engage in a practice or activity that would otherwise by illegal


a process by which the nurse is granted recognition for competency in a specific area of nursing


the year the Red Cross was established


"The Father of Medicine" - encourages holistic medicine


the year the Ballard School in NY was established


the year The Thompson Practical Nursing School in Vermont was established


the year the Smith-Hughes Act was passed


the year the Association of Practical Nurse Schools became the National Association of Practical Nurse Education (NAPNE)


the year the National federation of Licensed Practical Nurses (NFLPN) was founded

Lillian Kuster

who founded the National Federation of Licensed Practical Nurses (NFLPN)


the year the American Nurses Association (ANA) turned professional and technical

American Nurses Association


National Federation of Licensed Practical Nurses


National League of Nursing



who gives accreditation to schools

National Council Licensing Examination for Practical Nursing


Certification Examination for Practical and Vocational Nurses in Long-Term Care


approved program

type of program that meets the minimum standards


a higher standard of nursing education

wellness-illness continuum

the range of a person's total health


a dynamic state of health in which an individual progresses toward a higher level of functioning, achieving an optimal balance between internal and external environment

holistic health care

a system of comprehensive or total patient care that considers the physical, emotional, social, economic and spiritual


encompasses the roles and actions of the nurse


the individual receiving the care


the area along the wellness-illness continuum that the patient occupies


the setting for the nure-patient interaction


The privacy element, patient confidentiality


whose objective was to facilitate "the body's reparative processes" y arranging the patient's environment"


whose objective was to provide care consistent with nursing's emerging scienece and knowledge, with caring as central focus


whose objective was to focus on man as living unity and man's qualitative participation with health experience (nursing as science and art)

young adulthood

20 to 44

middle adulthood

45 to 65

late adulthood


maslow's hierarchy

love and belongingness
safety and security

American Hospital Association



What year did the American Hospital Association (AHA( issue the Patient's Bill of Rights

Health maintenance organizations


Health maintenance organizations (HMOs)

group health care practices pthat proved health care to members for a fixed prepaid rate


the year Theodore Fliedner brought 4 nurses to the US

Dept of Health and Human Services

DHHS - developed Healthy People

frail elderly

75+ with health concerns

chronologic age

the age of an individual exspressed as the time that has elapsed since birth

every two years

how often should women get mammograms?

around age 35

when should women begin getting mammograms?

annually-every year

how often should women get pap smears


a profound prejudice in American society against older adults


the nonspecific response of the body to any demand made on it


a situation, activity, or event that produces stress


a vague feelings of apprehension that results from a perceived threat to the self


the gathering of personal resources or inner drive to complete a task or reach a goal


anything that interferes with goaldirectivity


out ability to adjust to changing life situations by using carious strategies

coping responses

the responses we use to reduce anxiety brought on by stress


defense mechanism where reality doesn't exist


defense mechanism where emotions are expressed CONSCIOUSLY toward someone or something other than the actual source of the emotiong


defense mechanism where behavior, thoughts, or feelings used at an earlier stage of development are exhibited


defense mechanism of UNCONSCIOUSLY barring from conscious thought of painful, disagreeable thoughts


defense mechanism of CONSCIOUSLY excluding painful thoughts, experiences, or impulses

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