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test 3 american pol
Terms in this set (50)
Which of the following is a way in which the House and the Senate are different?
b) Members of the House are more interested in doing what their constituents want right now, while senators have more time to consider "new ideas" and to bring together new coalitions of interests
Which type of representation is described when constituents have the power to hire and fire their representative?
a) agency representation
which of the following statements best describes the social composition of the U.S Congress?
d) the legal profession is the dominant career of most members of congress prior to the election.
which of the following is an advantage that incumbents have in winning re-election?
incumbents can provide constituency services during their tenure in office
the supreme court has ruled that
race cannot be the predominant factor in drawing congressional districts
An 'earmark' is
language inserted into a bill by a member of Congress that provides special benefits for the member of Congress's constituents
Which of the following types of committees includes member of both the house and the senate on the same committee?
which of the following statements about the filibuster is most accurate?
nominees for positions in the executive branch and the federal courts cannot be filibustered.
Members of congress take the constituents views into account because
They worry that their voting record will be scrutinized at election time
which of the following is not a resource that party leaders in congress use to create party discipline?
party unity votes
An argument between members of congress to trade support for each other bill is known as
Has increased since the mid 1970s
when congress conducts an investigation to explore the relationship between what a law intended and what an executive agency has done; it is engaged in
which of the following statements about impeachment is not true?
The president is the only official who can be impeached by congress
Which article of the constitution describes the basic powers of the presidency and the means of selecting presidents?
Executive agreements are exactly like treaties except that
Executive agreements do not require the senate's approval
What are the requirements for overriding a presidential veto?
two thirds vote in both houses of congress
The supreme court has ruled that
the power to remove executive appointees belongs exclusively to the president
the war powers resolution of 1973 was an act [assed by congress that
allowed the president to send American troops into action abroad only if congress had granted an authorization to use force of if military personnel were already under attack.
Which of the following statement about presidential declaration of national emergency is not accurate?
Presidents can only declare a state of national emergency in response to foreign threats after receiving the approval of congress
Approximately how many people work for agencies within the executive office of the president?
1,500 to 2,000
The EOP agency responsible for preparing the national budget, designing the presidents program and overseeing regulatory proposals is called?
The office of management and budget
Which of the following statement about vice presidents is not true?
the vice president also serves as a honorary member of the supreme court
What are two primary ways that presidents can expand their power
Using popular appeals and bolstering their control of executive agencies
The environmental protection agency and the food and drug administration were created through the use of
An executive order
When the president makes an announcement about his interpretation of a congressional enactment that he is signing into law, it is called
A signing statement
Which of the following statements about congress and the bureaucracy is not true?
Congress banned rule making by the federal bureaucracy in 1995
The civil service act of 1883 required that appointees to positions within the federal bureaucracy?
Be qualified for the job to which they were appointed
Which of the following best describes the size of the federal service
The size of the federal service has changed very little since 1980
Which of the following is an example of a government corporation
A stable relationship between a bureaucratic agency an interest group and a legislative committee is called
An iron triangle
The state departments primary mission is
engaging in diplomacy
Which of the following statement about the freedom of information act(FOIA) is most accurate?
The range of info deemed sensitive has been greatly expanded in response to the threat of terrorism
American refers to government policy about banks, credit, and currency as
Which of the following is an example of a revenue agency?
The internal revenue service
Which president instituted the bureaucratic reform called the National Performance Review?
When congressional hearing on bureaucratic agency operations are prompted by media attention or advocacy group complaints, it is an example of
Fire alarm oversight
Devolution refers to
A policy to remove a program from one level of government by passing it down to a lower level of government
What is the name for the body of law that deals with disputes not involving criminal penalties?
The doctrine that previous court decisions should apply as precedents in similar cases is known as
Where do most trials in America take place?
The term writ of habeas corpus refers to
A court order that an individual is custody be brought into court and shown that cause for his or her detention
Which of the following is not included in the original jurisdiction of the supreme court
Cases involving challenges to the constitutionality of state laws
The size of the supreme court is determined by
The supreme courts decision in Marbury v. Madison was important because
It established the power of judicial review
Which of the following is not included as a special and compelling reason to hear a case under rule 10 of the rules of the supreme court of the unites states?
the president of the united states authors an amicus curia brief on the issue in question
Which of the following play an important role in shaping the flow of cases heard by the supreme court?
The solicitor general, federal law clerks, and interest groups
Which of the following is a brief submitted to the supreme court by someone other than one of the parties in the case?
A dissenting opinion is written by
A supreme court justice who disagrees with the majority decision
if a justice refuses to go beyond the clear words of the constitution in interpreting the document's meaning, he or she would be considered an advocate of which judicial philosophy?
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