Medical Terminology, Medical Terminology
Terms in this set (214)
Normal, of no danger to health.
Enlarged heart. (Seen on chest X-rays)
Inflammation of the gallbladder. (Seen on CT scans of abdomen)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
A group of lung diseases that block airflow and make breathing difficult; commonly seen in smokers.
Stroke; The sudden death of some brain cells due to lack of oxygen when the blood flow to the brain is impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain
Profuse sweating caused by the body's response to stress
Deep Vein Thrombosis
A blood clot in a deep vein, most often an extremity.
Painful urination, often described as burning with urination.
Redness of the skin or mucous membranes
Vomiting of blood.
Coughing up blood.
Enlarged liver. (Seen on CT abdomen)
abnormal cell condition
Area of dead tissue after a lack of blood supply.
A restriction in blood supply to tissues, causing a shortage of oxygen and glucose needed to keep tissue alive.
Muscular pain, generalized.
Pale skin - in appearance.
Blocking of a pulmonary artery due to a blood clot.
Crackles; wet crackling noise in lungs, heard during lung exam.
Clear nasal discharge,runny nose
Rattling noise of mucous in the lungs. Heard on auscultation of lungs.
Passing out, loss of consciousness or fainting.
involuntary muscle contraction
Transient Ischemic Attack
When blood flow to a part of the brain stops for a brief period of time. A person will have stroke-like symptoms for up to 24 hours, but in most cases for 1 - 2 hours.
Room spinning; A subtype of dizziness in which a patient inappropriately experiences the perception of motion (usually a spinning motion) due to dysfunction of the vestibular system
High pitched sound heard during lung exam - auscultation. It occurs when air moves through narrowed breathing tubes.
is the process of a body delivering blood to a capillary bed in its biological tissue.
A vague feeling of bodily discomfort, as at the beginning of an illness.
puncture to withdraw fluid
instrument for measuring pressure
Difficulty in Swallowing
Disease/enlargement of the lymph nodes
Enlargement of the thyroid gland.
that which produces
Abnormal enlargement of the organs
Abnormal enlargement of the spleen
Excessive or abnormally large production or passage of urine
-globin or -globulin
High cholesterol, presence of excess lipids in the blood
a list of possible diagnoses to explain a set of symptoms (listed under medical decision making in a chart)
The plan for continuing health care of a patient following discharge
A rare, chronic endocrine disorder in which the adrenal glands do not produce sufficient steroid hormones.
Term for listening to the internal sounds of the body, usually using a stethoscope when examining the circulatory (heart), respiratory (lung), and gastrointestinal systems (abd) sounds.
formation of cells
On exam when a physician palpates the abdomen, the patient experiences pain after the physician lifts his hand off the area that is being palpated.
spitting up, coughing up
Inflammation of a diverticulum in the digestive tract (especially the colon); characterized by painful abdominal cramping and fever and constipation.
Inflammation of the colon
-trophic or -trophy
Fluid, such as pus or clear fluid, that leaks out of blood vessels into nearby tissues
Surgical removal of the galbladder
A sudden aggravation of symptoms or increase in severity of an already existing condition without re-injury or trauma
A small red or purple spot on the skin, caused by a minor hemorrhage (broken capillary blood vessels).
Stretch marks; Linear dermal scars that affects skin that is subjected to continuous stretching;
A genus of yeasts and is the most common cause of fungal infections worldwide
Forward displacement of an organ, especially an eyeball.
The secretion of tears especially when abnormal or excessive
Inflammation of the lining of the lungs and chest (the pleura) that leads to chest pain (usually sharp) when you take a breath or cough
A drug delivery device used to administer medication in the form of a mist inhaled into the lungs.
Shortness of breath which occurs when lying flat, causing the person to have to sleep propped up in bed or sitting in a chair.
A high pitched sound generated from partially obstructed air flow in the upper airway.
Refers to a usually abnormal rhythm of the heart on auscultation includes three or four sounds, thus resembling the sounds of a gallop.
a hernia in which part of the intestine protrudes into the inguinal canal
Localized or generalized itching
Abnormal lowering or drooping of an organ or a part, especially a drooping of the upper eyelid caused by muscle weakness or paralysis.
a fluid-filled sack in the scrotum.
Abnormally increased appetite for food frequently associated with injury to the hypothalamus
Inflammation of the lymphatic vessels
The presence of an abnormally high concentration of sodium in the blood
A persons manner of walking that develops as a way to avoid pain while walking, "limping'
An unsteady, uncoordinated walk, employing a wide base and the feet thrown out.
Abnormally increased and sometimes uncontrollable activity or muscular movements
The whitepart of the eye
Refers to the pain, aching or fatigue of the muscles of the buttocks, thigh and/or calf that occurs with exertion.
Condition of unwanted, male-pattern hair growth in women.
Excessive hunger or increased appetite
Term for a group of medical conditions that cause the skin to become inflamed or irritated.
A term to describe fast, uncontrollable movements of the eyes that may be: Side to side, Up and down, Rotary
Fever, indicative of infection
A potentially fatal whole-body inflammation caused by severe infection in the blood.
Surgical removal of both ovaries
Excision/removal of the ovary and uterine (fallopian) tube
Dilation and Curettage
a surgical procedure usually performed under local anesthesia in which the cervix is dilated and the endometrial lining of the uterus is scraped with a curet; often after a miscarriage
A slender tube inserted inside a tubular body part (as a blood vessel) to provide support during and after surgical anastomosis
A term used for various bodily fluids that are typically pale yellow and transparent, and of a benign(harmless) nature, that fill the inside of body cavities.
Mucus that is coughed up from the lower airways
A condition in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone.
The condition of rapid breathing; greater than 20 breaths per minute
Abnormally slow breathing rate; less than 12 breaths per minute
This is described as leaving a dent in the skin after you press the area with a finger for about 5 seconds. The dent will slowly fill back in.
keratin, hard, hornlike
Pain in the heart region caused by lack of oxygen
A surgical procedure creating an opening in the body for the discharge of body wastes
A surgical procedure in which an opening (stoma) is formed by drawing the healthy end of the large intestine or colon through an incision in the anterior abdominal wall and suturing it into place. This opening, in conjunction with the attached stoma appliance, provides an alternative channel for feces to leave the body.
A reflection of the skin's elasticity, measured by monitoring the time it takes for the skin on he back of the hand to return to position after it is lightly pinched between the examiner's thumb and forefinger. Normal turgor is a return to normal contour within a few seconds; if the skin remains elevated (tented) more than a few seconds, turgor is decreased.
The transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber
Fundi of the eye
The back portion of the interior of the eyeball, only visible through the pupil by use of the ophthalmoscope. **The provider must use an opthalmoscope to see a fundi.
Pertaining to the area surrounding the socket of the eye
The hollow tube that is about 5 inches long and starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the trachea (windpipe) and esophagus. The pharynx serves as a vestibule or entryway for the trachea and esophagus.
Capillary refill test
Pressure is applied to the nail bed until it turns white, this indicates that the blood has been forced from the tissue (called blanching) and once the tissue has blanched, pressure is removed. While the patient holds their hand above their heart, the health care provider measures the time it takes for blood to return to the tissue. Return of blood is indicated by the nail turning back to a pink color.
absence or loss of hair, especially of the head
decubitus ulcer (decub)
open sore caused by pressure over bony prominences obstructing blood flow; can appear in bedridden pt's who lie in one position for too long and can be difficult to heal; aka bedsore or pressure sore
A procedure that uses an endoscope to look inside the body. Endoscopes have a tiny camera attached to a long, thin tube. The doctor moves it through a body passageway or opening to see inside an organ.
crack like break in skin
A test that allows your doctor to look at the inner lining of your large intestine (rectum and colon). He or she uses a thin, flexible tube called a colonoscope to look at the colon to help find ulcers, colon polyps, tumors, and areas of inflammation or bleeding.
tissue necrosis caused by loss of blood supply
A genetic condition in which a female does not have the usual pair of two X chromosomes. The syndrome manifests itself in a number of ways including characteristic physical abnormalities which affect many but not all people with this syndrome, such as short stature, swelling, broad chest, low hairline, low-set ears, and webbed necks.
Have a bowel movement
An inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It causes inflammation of the lining of your digestive tract, which can lead to abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss and malnutrition.
A serious complication of diabetes that occurs when the body cannot use sugar (glucose) as a fuel source because there is no insulin or not enough insulin. Fat is used for fuel instead. Byproducts of fat breakdown, called ketones, build up in the body.
chronic inflammatory condition consisting of crusty papules forming patches with circular borders
purplish-red bruises usually occurring in people with thin, easily damaged skin
raised spot on skin contains pus
A common syndrome in which a person has long-term, body-wide pain and tenderness in the joints, muscles, tendons, and other soft tissues.
highly contagious viral infection with skin rash; aka chicken pox
small, fluid raised spot on the skin
small, round, raised area on the skin that may be accompanied by itching; usually seen in allergic reactions
incision and drainage abbreviation
Coffee ground vomit
Refers to a particular appearance of vomit. Within organic heme molecules of red blood cells is the element iron, and when this iron has been exposed for some time to gastric acid, it becomes oxidized. This reaction causes the vomitus to look like ground coffee. Coffee-ground vomit is a classic sign of upper gastro-intestinal bleeding
An infection of the mouth caused by the candida fungus, also known as yeast.
The body is laid flat on the back (supine position) with the feet higher than the head by 15-30 degrees,
profound inability to see color from birth; aka color blindness
loss of vision not due to any disease; not correctable with glasses; they wear a patch over one eye to force affected eye to work; aka lazy eye
astigmatism (as, Ast)
uneven blending of light rays caused by irregular curvature of cornea; image is fuzzy, corrected with cylindrical lenses
Right lateral decubitus
the patient is lying on his or her right side.
Left lateral decubitus
the patient is lying on his or her left side.
A perceptual disturbance experienced by some with migraine or seizures before either the headache or seizure begins. It often manifests as the perception of a strange light, an unpleasant smell or confusing thoughts or experiences.
A collection of pus that has built up within the tissue of the body. Signs and symptoms of abscesses include: redness, pain, warmth, and swelling that when pressed feels like it is fluid filled
Medical procedure where a needle is used to access the subarachnoid space to collect cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This is typically used to confirm or exclude conditions such as meningitis and subarachnoid hemorrhage and it may be used in diagnosis of other conditions.
Bleeding into the subarachnoid space—the area between the arachnoid membrane and the pia mater surrounding the brain. This is a form of stroke.
A class of drugs used to lower cholesterol levels Ex: Simvastatin, Atorvastatin etc.
procedure using intravenous bright green fluorescent dye, fluorescein, to examine blood movement through blood vessels of the eye
Chronic syndrome in which a person has long-term, body-wide pain and tenderness in the joints, muscles, tendons, and other soft tissues. Its exact cause is unknown but is believed to involve psychological, genetic, neurobiological and environmental factors
"Under the tongue", refers to the pharmacological route of administration by which drugs diffuse into the blood through tissues under the tongue
Medication that is applied to body surfaces such as the skin or mucous membranes for treatment. Example: creams, foams, gels, lotions, and ointments.
Clinical procedure of using a syringe to collect synovial fluid from a joint capsule.
A type of sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing or instances of shallow or infrequent breathing during sleep.
A cyst near or on the natal cleft of the buttocks that often contains hair and skin debris.
A non-neoplastic soft tissue lump that may occur in any joint, but most often occurs on, around, or near joints and tendons in the hands or feet. These cysts are caused by leakage of fluid from the joint into the surrounding tissue.
To draw fluid by suction from a vessel or cavity.
Semi Fowlers position
position is the position of a patient who is lying in bed in a supine position with the head of the bed at approximately 30 degrees.
weakness of external eye muscle; results in eyes looking in different directions at the same time; can be corrected with glasses, eye exercises, and/or surgery; aka cross eyed
The inside space of a tubular structure, such as an artery or intestine
When gas or air is in the layer under the skin
Paradoxical chest movement
Describes an abnormal chest movement, with your chest moving inward during inhalation rather than outward
A condition where organs fall down or slip out of place.
"pupils equal, round, reactive to light, and accommodation" abbreviation
rapid eye movement abbreviation
Through the skin
myring/o or tympan/o
bacterial infection of upper respiratory tract; uncommon now; aka whooping cough
tonsillectomy & adenoidectomy abbreviation
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Abbreviations Quiz #1, Abbreviations Quiz #2 - Com…
Thorax, Abdomen, Spine 2020
Terminology List #1, Terminology #2, Terminology #…
Terminology List #1
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...