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31 terms

The Glory that was Greece

STUDY
PLAY
philosophers
"lovers of wisdom"
logic
rational thinking
Sophists
the Athenians who questioned accepted ideas
rhetoric
the art of skillful thinking
Socrates
an Athenian stonemason and philosopher who questioned citizens on their beliefs
Plato
a philosopher who emphasized the importance of reason and recorded Socrates works
Socratic method
a process in which he would pose a question to his students and challenge them to examine the answers
Academy
the school that Plato set up
The Republic
the book in which Plato described his vision of an ideal state
philosopher- king
the wisest of the elite class who the Plato believed should have ultimate power
Aristotle
philosopher who developed his own view on government and addressed the question on how people should live
Lyceum
the school that Aristotle set up
Parthenon
a temple dedicated to Athena
golden mean
a moderate course between extremes
classical style
referring to the elegant, balanced forms of traditional Greek works
Sappho
writer of love and of the beauty of her island
Pindar
writer who celebrated the victors of athletic contests
Dionysus
god of fertility and wine
Aeschylus
one of the greatest Athenian playwrights who wrote the Oresteia
Sophocles
one of the greatest playwrights who wrote Antigone
Euripides
one of the greatest playwrights who wrote The Trojan Women
tragedies
plays that told stories of human suffering that usually ended in disaster
The Oresteia
play written about powerful family being torn apart by betrayal, murder, and revenge
Antigone
play written about what happens when an individual's moral duty conflicts with the laws of the state
The Trojan Women
play written about the suffering women during the war
comedies
humorous plays that mocked people or customs
Aristophanes
the most famous writer of Greek comedies
Lysistrata
comedy written about women joining together and forcing their husbands to end war against Sparta
Herodotus
the father of history
The Persian Wars
book written by Herodotus; research
Thucydides
author who wrote about the Peloponnesian War; unbiased