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AP Lang final
Terms in this set (54)
A clever saying something you might put on a bumper sticker not necessarily funny.
Immediate rephrasing for intesification or justification.
Assignming human like attributes to non human objects.
Method of writing in which the main idea is reserved for the very end.
A reference to a well known piece of literature, art, history, etc.
Implied comparison between unlike things
Uniformity in writing so that grammatical elements are in analogous form.
Type of sentence structure or word order
Comparison using like or as
Visually descriptive or figurative language (can be other senses)
Refers to character of a person/shared values
Pressing or urgent
Comedy directed at ridiculous human foibles and vices w/ intent to expose faults in order to correct them
Exaggerated real life situations to such a degree that they become ridiculous and flaws + faults are highlighted
Reduces the size of something in order to make it appear ridiculous or that it be examined loosely & have its faults seen up close
Placement of two things close together to emphasize similarities or differences
Ridicule on an original piece of work (parody is in literature what a caricature or cartoon is in art)
The general history of Virginia
Of Plymouth plantation
Sinners in the hands of an angry God
The wonders of the invisible world
The speech of miss Polly baker
Speech in the Virginia convention
To his excellency, general Washington
The declaration of Independence
Faulty reasoning, misleading, or unsound judgment.
Something unimportant that is used to stop people from noticing or thinking about something important.
Marked by or being an attack on an opponents character rather than by an answer to the contentions made.
When an analogy compares two things that are not comparable (analogy doesn't work)
Post hoc ergo propter hoc (after this therefore because of this)
Assuming that because event B followed event A it was directly caused by event A
A weak or imaginary argument or opponent that is set up to be easily defeated.
Prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another usually in a way considered to be unfair.
Where, what, how, and why (with evidence)
Claim of fact
Asserts that something is true or false.
Claim of value
Most common, argues some th omg is good or bad, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable.
Claim of policy
Propose a change
A statement of the main idea of the argument that also previews the major points the writer intends on addressing.
One that does not list all the points the writer intends on making
A challenge to a position an opposing argument
Anti/against your thesis
First hand evidence
Something you know, whether it's from personal experience, anecdotes you've heard from others, observations, or your general knowledge of events.
Adds human elements, effective way to appeal to pathos
About other people that you've either observed or been told about personal experience.
2nd hand evidence
Evidence that is accessed through research, reading, and investigating.
Verifiable facts that a writer knows from research
More formal variation, published research on topic with specialized knowledge.
Use poetry and fiction as evidence.
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