13 terms

NDA Didache Series CHist Ch. 10

Church History Chapter 10
STUDY
PLAY
Dictamen
The "Art of Composition" taught at Bologna, which includes rules for drawing up briefs and other legal documents. This training attracted many students and soon developed into another intense program specializing in grammar and rhetoric.
Double Truth Theory
Compares the value of theological tenets against philosophical truths. According to the Muslim philosopher Averroes, one can hold contradictory truths coming from theological and philosophical speculation, but ideas gathered from philosophical thought are superior to theological tenets.
Gothic
Style of Medieval building that flourished from 1200-1500. By using pointed arches, ribbed vaulting and flying buttresses, this style created an airy and well-lit space and gave masons, artists, and architects the freedom to adorn buildings with works of art.
Hearing a Book
Method of teaching in the university, a teacher would read the text of a book along with his predecessors' comments on the text before adding his own commentary to the lecture.
Mendicant Friars
From Latin word mendicare; meaing "to beg"; this new type of religious order was not bound to a place or community and subsisted entirely on alms. The Franciscan and Dominicans are the largest orders of mendicant friars. p. 389
Platonic Forms
Philosophical construct developed by the fifth century Greek philosopher Plato that all things that exist emanate from the primal unity of the unseen idea, at the very core of which the Form of the Good.
Quadrivium
Latin for "four ways" More advanced program in the Medieval liberal arts program, it included the study of arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and music.
Scholasticism
The system of philosophical and theological inquiry first developed in the Medieval schools of Christian Europe, creating its own technical language and methodology.
Stigmata
Phenomenon in which a person bears all or some of the wounds of Christ in his or her own body.
Studium Generale
Unified program of study offered by Medieval universities which included theology, law, medicine, and the arts.
Trivium
Latin for "three ways" this was one of two sections into which the arts were divided in Medieval universities. It referred to the three primary branches of Medieval education: grammar, rhetoric, and dialectic.
Troubadour
Traveling minstrel lyricists who sang of love and romance, assisting the development of the european vernacular literatures.
Universitas
A type of corporation that protected the educational and administrative needs of masters and students in schools of the mid-eleventh century.