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40 terms

chapter 18 section 1

STUDY
PLAY
progressivism
not a tightly organized movement with a specific set of reforms. It was a collection of different ideas and activities.
muckrackers
a group of crusading journalists who investigated social conditions and political corruption
Ida Tarbell
published a series of articles critical to the Standard Oil Company
Lincoln Steffens
a McClure's reporter, reported on vote stealing and other corrupt practices of urban political machines
Jacob Riis
published the book Hoe the Other Half Lives and describe poverty, disease, and crime that afflicted many immigrant neighbors in NYC
Commission Plan
city's government would be divided into several departments, which would each be placed under the control of an expert commissioner
Robert La Follette
governor in Wisconsin and political reform first came to state level
party bosses
controlled the selection of convention delegates; they also controlled which candidates were chosen to run for office
direct primary
all party members could vote for a candidate to run in the general election
initiative
allowed a group of citizens to introduce legislation and required the legislature to vote on it
referendum
allowed proposed legislation to be submitted to the voters for approval
recall
allowed voters to demand a special election to remove an elected official from office before his or her term had expired
Alice Paul
Quaker social worker who headed NAWSA's congressional committee, had organized the Washington march
-formed the National Women's Party, they picketed the White House, chained themselves and starved until they were arrested
Carrie Chapman Catt
became NAWSA's leader, developed a "winning plan" to mobilize the suffrage movement nation-wide in one final push to gain voting rights
Temperance movement
advocated the moderation of elimination of alcohol, emerged from these concerns/ mostly women led this movement
Women's Christian Temperance Union
group of temperance formed by women
Prohibition
laws banning the manufacture, sale, and consumption of alcohol
socialism
idea that the government should own and operate industry for the community as a whole
Eugene Debs
Former American Railway Union leader who won nearly a million votes as the American Socialist Party candidate for president in 1912
suffrage
the right to vote
temperance movement
advocated the moderation or elimination of alcohol
Square Deal
Roosevelt's reform programs became known as this..
Northern Securities
E.H Harriman, James J. Hill and J.P Morgan combined their railroads together and created the holding company called ___.
United Mine Workers
went on strike for the miners who dug anthracite, or hard coal.
arbitration
a settlement imposed by an outside party, presented to united mine workers union because of their strike.
Hepburn Act
an act intended to strengthen the Interstate Commerce Commission, an early effort to regulate the railroad industry but it lacked sufficient authority.
Upton Sinclair
published The Jungle, which featured appalling descriptions of conditions in the meatpacking industry.
Joseph G. Cannon
helped Taft with passing the new tariff, he appointed all committees and decides which bills they handled.
Payne-Aldrich Tariff
This cut tariffs hardly at all and actually raised them on some goods.
Richard Ballinger
a conservative corporate lawyer, who tried to make nearly a million acres of public forest and mineral reserves available for private developments.
syndicate
business group for personal profit
insubordination
disobedience
Progressive Party
...
New Nationalism
...
New Freedom
...
income tax
direct tax on the earnings of individuals and corporations.
Federal Reserve Act
...
Federal Trade Commission
they had the power to investigate companies and issue "cease and desist" orders against companies engaging in unfair trade practices.
unfair trade practices
practices that hurt their competition
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
believed that vote was essential to bring about an end to lynching and racial discrimination.