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the application of pigment to a surface


solvent or thinner


binding agent that powdered pigment is mixed with to form paint


the art of painting on plaster

true fresco or buon fresco

executed on damp line plaster

fresco secco

executed on dry plaster

Giotto, "Lamentation"

shows limitations of true or buon fresco


pigment in a waxed vehicle

Ancient Egyptians and Greeks

used encaustic to tint their sculptures for a more lifelike appearance

Mummy portrait of a Priest

the artist had to keep liquid wax at a constant temperature

The traditional composition of tempera...

was egg, pigment and water

tempera was ...

the exclusive painting medium of the Middle Ages


in both tempera and oil painting, a ground consisting of powdered chalk or plaster plus animal glue


application of thinly hammered sheets of gold to a wood surface

Gentile Da Fabriano, Adoration of the Magi

15th century artist uses gilding on wood panel tempera painting

oil painting

pigments combined with linseed oil vehicle and turpentine medium or thinner

When a painter's oil becomes too thick

it must be thinned with a medium of turpentine

The transition to oil paint was gradual,

at first, it was used for glazing to give paintings a high sheen


multiple layers of transparent films of paint

Follower of Rembrandt, Head of St. Matthew

uses impasto or thickly applied paint

Gilbert Stuart, George Washington

achieves realistic likeness through use of modeling

Roy Lichtenstein, George Washington

oil on canvas that resembles a comic hero

Ed Paschke, Anesthesio

oil on linen defaced by abstract patches of neon like color


mixture of pigment and synthetic resin vehicle that can be thinned with water

Helen Oji, Mount St. Helen's

opaque impasto acrylic in the shape of a Japanese kimono

Roger Shimomura, Untitled

blended traditional Japanese imagery with American cartoon characters, includes himself as Statue of Liberty


contemporary watercolor with a mixture of pigment, a vehicle of gum Arabic and water


watercolor mixed with a high concentration of vehicle and an opaque ingredient such as chalk

The fluidity of watercolor

lends itself to rapid sketches and preliminary studies

Ralph Goings, Rock Olo

a contradition of what are usually consider watercolor because of its photorealism

Master graffiti artists uses

"tags" or stylized signatures

synthetic cubists Picasso and Braque

were the first to use collage

Miriam Schapiro, Maid of Honour

paint and fabric "femmage" or collage using feminine subject matter

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