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Art ch.6

STUDY
PLAY
painting
the application of pigment to a surface
medium
solvent or thinner
vehicle
binding agent that powdered pigment is mixed with to form paint
fresco
the art of painting on plaster
true fresco or buon fresco
executed on damp line plaster
fresco secco
executed on dry plaster
Giotto, "Lamentation"
shows limitations of true or buon fresco
encaustic
pigment in a waxed vehicle
Ancient Egyptians and Greeks
used encaustic to tint their sculptures for a more lifelike appearance
Mummy portrait of a Priest
the artist had to keep liquid wax at a constant temperature
The traditional composition of tempera...
was egg, pigment and water
tempera was ...
the exclusive painting medium of the Middle Ages
Gesso
in both tempera and oil painting, a ground consisting of powdered chalk or plaster plus animal glue
gilding
application of thinly hammered sheets of gold to a wood surface
Gentile Da Fabriano, Adoration of the Magi
15th century artist uses gilding on wood panel tempera painting
oil painting
pigments combined with linseed oil vehicle and turpentine medium or thinner
When a painter's oil becomes too thick
it must be thinned with a medium of turpentine
The transition to oil paint was gradual,
at first, it was used for glazing to give paintings a high sheen
glazing
multiple layers of transparent films of paint
Follower of Rembrandt, Head of St. Matthew
uses impasto or thickly applied paint
Gilbert Stuart, George Washington
achieves realistic likeness through use of modeling
Roy Lichtenstein, George Washington
oil on canvas that resembles a comic hero
Ed Paschke, Anesthesio
oil on linen defaced by abstract patches of neon like color
acrylic
mixture of pigment and synthetic resin vehicle that can be thinned with water
Helen Oji, Mount St. Helen's
opaque impasto acrylic in the shape of a Japanese kimono
Roger Shimomura, Untitled
blended traditional Japanese imagery with American cartoon characters, includes himself as Statue of Liberty
Aquarelle
contemporary watercolor with a mixture of pigment, a vehicle of gum Arabic and water
Gouache
watercolor mixed with a high concentration of vehicle and an opaque ingredient such as chalk
The fluidity of watercolor
lends itself to rapid sketches and preliminary studies
Ralph Goings, Rock Olo
a contradition of what are usually consider watercolor because of its photorealism
Master graffiti artists uses
"tags" or stylized signatures
synthetic cubists Picasso and Braque
were the first to use collage
Miriam Schapiro, Maid of Honour
paint and fabric "femmage" or collage using feminine subject matter