APUSH Unit 3
Terms in this set (33)
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments to the constitution. Established rights of the people, rights of accused in the legal system, rights and power of the government
Elastic Clause and the Tenth Amendment
The Tenth Amendment: restricts the federal government to those powers delegated to it by the constitution and gives all other powers to the states or the people
Elastic Clause: grants the federal government the power to make all laws "which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing powers"
Hamilton's Financial Plan
federal assumption of state debt, Bank of the US, stimulation of industry through excise taxes and tariffs
power in the hands of average citizens
supported by southern farmers/frontiersman
Strict interpretation of the constitution
Rule by educated/elite
Loose interpretation of constitution
Proclamation of Neutrality
Washington's decision to remain neutral in the conflict between France and Great Britain
Advocated to avoid permanent alliances with foreign powers.
Attempt to settle conflict between US and England over commerce, navigation and the Treaty of Paris
British evacuated posts in NW, continued fur trade
Generous terms to Britain upset Americans
Western whiskey farmers refused to pay taxes from Hamilton's revenue program
Federal government responded with federalized militia
Strong response established federal authority and the effectiveness of a strong centralized government
Gave the US free navigation of the Mississippi river and an area north of Florida
Easier to transport goods to the east
Bolsters US against Britain presence in North America
Washington's Farewell Address
Warned Americans not to get involved in European affairs, not to make permanent alliances, not to form political parties and to avoid sectionalism.
Undeclared war fought entirely at sea between the United States and France from 1798 to 1800. The French began to seize American ships trading with their British enemies and refused to receive a new United States minister when he arrived in Paris in December 1796.
The US wanted to end French harassment of American shipping
French demanded a bribe just to open negotiations.
Refused bribe, suspended trade with France, creation of the American Navy.
Alien and Sedition Acts
Federalist legislation to reduce foreign influence and increase their power
Established new hurdles to citizenship
broadened power to quiet print media critics and Jeffersonian Republican opponents.
Tested strength of the First Amendment
Kentucky and Viriginia Resolutions
Response to the Alien and Sedition Acts by Jeffersonian Republicans
States would have power within their territory to nullify federal law
Federal governments had no right to exercise power not specifically delegated to it
Revolution of 1800
Jefferson's election changed the direction of the government from Federalist to Democratic- Republican, so it was called a "revolution."
The Marshall Court
Marshall's decisions defined and strengthened powers of the judicial branch and asserted the right of judicial review over federal legislation.
Expanded the power of the federal government and affirmed the Court's role in interpreting the Constitution.
Marbury vs Madison
Marbury's commission was not delivered so he sued James Madison.
Paved way for judicial review, which gave courts the power to declare statutes unconstitutional.
Jeffersonian Economic Policy
Cut military in half
Repealed whiskey tax
Outlawed importation of slaves
Fire tax collectors
Made an economy that did not exclude the south
Plundering pirates off the Mediterranean coast of Africa; President Thomas Jefferson's refusal to pay them tribute to protect American ships sparked an undeclared naval war with North African nations
Doubled the Territory of the US
Jefferson was concerned he did not have the Constitutional Authority for the purchase, so he used the presidential power of treaty-making for the purchase
Removed France from western borders of the United States
Easier shipping for Farmers
Opened land to agrarian expandion
opened trade to all nations except France and Britain
Tecumseh and Tippecanoe
American Indian chief who fought against the pressured removal of American Indians from western territories
Indian confederacy was destroyed at Tippecanoe by American military.
War of 1812
Causes: impressment, war hawk support in congress, Us interest in lands held by NA
Effects: industrialization, intense patriotism, reaffirmed american independence, economic independence, reversal of partisan political roles in constitutional interpretation
prohibited American ships from trading in all foreign ports
Led to an independence economy and a developed manufacturing system
Treaty of Ghent
Treaty that ended the War of 1812 and maintained prewar conditions
Meeting of Federalists near the end of the War of 1812 in which the party listed it's complaints against the ruling Republican Party. These actions were largley viewed as traitorous to the country and lost the Federalist much influence
Ended the federalist party
Bank of the US
The central bank of the nation designed to facilitate the issuance of a stable national currency and to provide a convenient means of exchange for the people. The bank was responsible for providing the nation economic stability.
A duty imposed on imports to raise their price, making them less attractive to consumers and thus protecting domestic industries from foreign competition.
federal projects, such as canals and roads, to develop the nation's transportation system
McCulloch vs Maryland
No state could control an agency of the fedral government
Maryland tried to levy a tax on a local branch of the BUS to protect its own state banks
Dartmouth College vs Woodward
Limited power of state governments to control corporations
New Hampshire legislature tried to change Dartmouth from a private to a public institution by having its charter revoked.
Helped define the US - Mexico border
Spain sold its remaining Florida territory to the US and drew the boundary of Mexico to the pacific
an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Unit 1 Review
APUSH Vocabulary Unit 5 - Civil War, Mexican American War, Reconstruction.
APUSH Unit 4 - Vocabulary
Chemistry Group 6 and 7 Ions
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
APUSH Period 5
APUSH Unit 1
APUSH Unit 4 Vocab
APUSH Unit 5 Vocab