103 terms

Materials: Window Treatments

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double hung
Type of window with two sashes, one or both which slide up or down
casement
Type of window with one or more sashes that are hinged on a vertical edge.
ranch or strip
Type of window which is wide and set high off the floor. Usually has sliding sashes.
awning
Type of window which has wide, horizontal sashes that upon outward.
jalousie
Type of window which is identified by narrow, horizontal strips of glass that open by means of a crank.
picture
Type of window designed to frame an outside view. Fixed.
dormer
Type of window, typically small, projecting from the house in an alcove-like extension of the room
slanting or cathedral
Type of window with an angle at the top where the window follows the slant of the roof.
bay
Type of window with three or more panes set an angle to each other.
bow
Type of window which is curved
double
Type of window which are side by side
corner
Type of window that comes together at the corner of a room
clerestory
Type of window set near the ceiling
palladian
Type of window with an arched top
sheers
Category of window treatment: Used to accent an open, airy feeling. Made of a very thin fabric and is nearest to the glass.
semi-sheers
Category of window treatment: Diffuse light for a little privacy.
semi-opaque
Category of window treatment: Provide partial blockage of light when the curtains are closed.
opaque
Category of window treatment: Privacy and maximum light blockage.
drapery
Uses a thick kind of fabric and is made with pleats. Typically lined.
overdrapes
Stationary draperies used on either side of a window
draw draperies
Pleated panels that can be pulled across the window.
curtains
Informal window treatments that are generally shirred or smocked, or have headings attached to rods.
tiers
Curtains that are short in length, usually half of the window's height.
cafe curtain
Only the lower portion of the window is covered.
stretch or sash
Brise-bise or "wind screen," curtain that is gathered at the top and bottom
hourglass
Similar to sash/stretch curtains but is permanently tied back at the middle.
tie back
Curtains designed to be gathered at the side of the window.
rod pocket or casement
Curtains with the top usually shirred which forms a pocket through which the fabric is then threaded onto a pole or rod
bishop's sleeve
Rod pocket curtains with extra length so that the sides can be gathered with tiebacks to create multiple puffs and usually puddle to the ground.
under
Curtains that hang behind main curtains.
roman shade
Fabric-covered shades of horizontal panels with wooden slats inserted horizontally at intervals down its entire length.
austrian shade
Curtains that are pulled up like ordinary shades but with cords. Vertical shirring.
balloon shade
Shade with cords placed vertically, when the cord is pulled to raise it, deep inverted pleats cause the shade to billow.
hem
Finished bottom of the drapery. Usually 4-6 inches.
header
Top of the draperies.
tab top or looped
Loops of separate fabric sewn onto unpleated, flat drapery
tie top
Small strips of fabric attached to the head of the fabric and are used to tie over a curtain rod
eyelet or grommet
Similar to tab tops but have metal grommets fixed onto the head.
shirred
Created by a row of gatherings on pole or rod. There should be three times as much fabric as the length of fabric
shirred
smocked
Uses double or triple rows of puckers
smocked
pleats
Folds of cloth sewn or taped into place.
box
Flat, symmetrical pleats formed by folding the fabric to the back at each side the pleat.
cartridge
Round pleats (2-2 1/2") filled with cotton or paper
French or pinch
Pleats of three folds
pencil
Narrow, densely packed pleats
accordion
Neat, even folds that snap on and off the traverse track without hooks
goblet
French pleats with a short cup
Flemish heading
Goblet pleats linked together with a cord
horizontal blinds
Consist of horizontal panels that open and close at right angles
venetian
Blinds with 2" wide slats held together by an inch wide cotton braid ladder or nylon cord
miniblinds
1" wide slats
micro miniblinds
Slats that are half an inch
wood
Venetian blinds made of wood
cellular or honeycomb
Two or more sheets of accordion-pleated reinforced fabric that are bonded together. Has multiple air pockets for insulation.
drapery liner
Used to protect draperies
glosheen
Colored sateen
interlining
Used to change or enhance the properties of draperies; inserted between the lining and drapery fabrics
valance
soft horizontal treatments mounted across the top of the window made entirely of fabric
arched
Valance with an arch along the lower edge
kick pleated
Valance constructed like box pleats but spaced further apart
banner
Valance which included triangularly cut fabric pieces that overlap each other
scarf
Long piece of fabric usually designed to drape across the top of a window and hang to the floor; informal valance
pelmet or corniceboard
Stiff panel headings to curtains.
lambrequin
Extends all the way down either side of a window, framing it on three sides
swag or festoon
Single or double draping of fabric across the top of a window
jabot
"Bird's crop"; Pleated or draped lengths of fabric hanging down the side of a window. (B)
trim
Decorative cording, braids, fringes applied to the hem
galloon
Narrow close-woven band or braid used for trimming draperies, a heavy gimpe
gimpe
Narrow, flat braid or rounded cord used for trimming
piping
Length of cord covered with bias binding
welting
strips of material sewn between upholstery seams or drapery seams to give a finished appearance
finials
Attachment placed on the end of a curtain rod
extension brakcets
Attached to ordinary brackets to extend the length of the rod return
extension plates
Used to mount brackets beyond the window frame
clip-on ring
Grip the curtain with spring tension prongs. Comes in metal or plastic, round or oval.
plain ring
Rings hand-stitched to the head of the curtains
eyelet rings
Rings with an additional smaller ring at the bottom
apron
Wood facing below the sill on windows
a la duchesse or angle
Type of bed: Canopy suspended from ceiling rather than posts
baldachino
Canopy resting on columns
banding
Strips of fabric, folded and finished then affixed to form a frame or border to a piece of work
bias
A line or cut across a fabric that is not at right angles to a side of the fabric
blind
Type of stitching used for applique pieces
canopy
A draped covering suspended over a piece of furniture
cased or slot
Curtain heading consisting of a simple hemmed top through which a rod or pole could be slotted
center draw
Pair of draperies which open and close from the center
crinoline
Stiffening material used in drapery headings
curtain wire
Coiled wired with a plastic coating
drop length
Distance from the top of the object to where you want the fabric to end
dust cap
Wooden board at the top of top treatments, corniceboards or valances
envelope
Curtains that do not pull back, bottom inside corners are hooked back
half tester
Rectangular canopy above the bed extending only part way
passementerie
Fancy decorative trimmings
lit a la polonaise
Bed set lengthwise to the wall and surmounted by a small dome
railroading
Refers to using fabric horizontally rather than vertically
return
Distance from the front of a window treatment to the wall
stackback
Area required and used by pleated curtains when they are open on either side of the window
stagecoach valance
Panel of fabric mounted on a board and attached to the inside frame of a narrow window
trouser break
1 to 2 inches of extra fabric to reach the floor
Turkish bed
Narrow bed in a draped recess
wadding
Soft, bulky material for stuffing