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Crim quiz 6
Terms in this set (13)
The major difference between the two theories are that classical school is mainly based on free will and suggests that crime as a choice, whereas positivism criminology argues that crime is not a choice
Assumptions of the classical versus positivist school
His theory argues that criminals are primitive savages who are evolutionarily backward compared to normal citizens.
Lombroso's theory of atavism
According to Lombroso, born criminals possess an array of stigmata or markers that may be considered putative evidence of their criminality.
Lembroso's theory of Stigmata
they were one of the biological theories developed in this time period that attempted to explain and predict crime based on a person's body type. Also are a set of generalized body types.
1. the ectomorph: a skinny, scared and shy person
2. the endomorph: a round, happy and genial person
3. mesomorph: a muscular, outgoing and often attractive person.
Sheldon's three types of criminals
What does CRAVE mean
Concealable, Removable, Available, Valuable, Enjoyable, Disposable, Routine activity theory as a crime prevention methodology focuses on essential elements that make up a crime.
The theory stipulates three necessary conditions for most crime; a likely offender, a suitable target, and the absence of a capable guardian, coming together in time and space.
Routine Activities Triangle
1. attention to the person(s) observed
2. remembering the observed behavior
3. the ability to replicate the behavior
4. a motivation to act the same way.
The four ways we learn according to Social Learning Theory
Who was the father of modern criminology
lack of adequate nurturing for a young child due to the absence or premature loss of, or neglect by, its mother or primary caregiver, postulated to affect an individual's early behavioral, physical, social, and emotional development negatively.
If one twin is deviant there is a very good chance the other will be as well.
adopts a utilitarian belief that humans are reasoning actors who weigh means and ends, costs and benefits, in order to make a rational choice. This method was designed by Cornish and Clarke to assist in thinking about situational crime prevention.
Rational Choice Theory's "update" to classical criminology
argued for the improvement of human genetic qualities. Positive eugenics aims to increase the reproduction of desirable qualities, and negative eugenics aims to discourage the reproduction of undesirable qualities, to improve humanity and society.
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