VAHS AP Psychology visual cues
Terms in this set (19)
an organized whole. _____ psychologists emphasized our tendency to integrate pieces of information into meaningful wholes
the organization of the visual field into objects (the figures) that stand out from their surroundings (the ground).
the perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent groups
the tendency to group nearby figures together
the tendency to group parts of a stimulus field that are similar to each other tend to be perceived as belonging together as a unit
we perceive smooth, continuous patterns rather than discontinuous ones
When objects are uniform and linked, we perceive spots, lines, or areas as a single unit.
the innate tendency to perceive incomplete objects as complete and to close or fill gaps and to perceive asymmetric stimuli as symmetric
the ability to see objects in three dimensions although the images that strike the retina are two-dimensional; allows us to judge distance
a binocular cue for perceiving depth; by comparing images from the two eyeballs, the brain computes distance - the greater the disparity (difference) between the two images, the close the object
a binocular cue for perceiving depth; the extent to which the eyes converge inward when looking at an object
a monocular cue for perceiving depth; the smaller retinal image is farther away
if one object partially blocks our view of another, we perceive it as closer
a monocular cue for perceiving depth; hazy objects are farther away than sharp, clear objects
a monocular cue for perceiving depth; a gradual change from a coarse distinct texture to a fine, indistinct texture signals increasing distance. objects far away appear smaller and more densely packed
a monocular cue for perceiving depth; objects higher in our field of vision are perceived as farther away
The perception of an observer that, as the observer moves forward, the objects that appear to him/her to move backwards faster are closer than apparently slower-moving objects; a monocular cue.
a monocular cue for perceiving depth; the more parallel lines converge, the greater their perceived distance
Light and shadow
Nearby objects reflect more light into our eyes than more distant objects. Given two identical objects, the dimmer one appears to be farther away.
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