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what is the adversarial process
Lawyers for each side represent their clients' best intersts in presenting evidence and formulating arguments as a means to discover the truth and protect the rights of defendants
what are the roles of the prosecutor
- trial counsel for police
- house couensel for police
- representative of the court
- elected official
an amount of reliable information indicating that it is more likely than not that evidence will be found in a specific location or that a specific person is guilty of a crime
Challenge four cause- a prospective juror is removed for showing bias or some other legal disability
Peremptory challenge- a prospective juror is removed without attorneys giving any reason
alternatives to bail
-release on recognizance
a written order directing an alleged offender to appear in court at a specific time to anser a criminal charge
-defendants may deposit a percentage of the full bail with the court
-the full amount of bail is required if the defendant fails to appear
-the percentage of bail is returned after disposition
specify the standards judges should use in setting bail and also list appropriate amounts
holding a defendant for trial, based on a judges finding that if the defendant were released on bail, he or she would endanger the safety of others or would flee
gregg v georgia
death penalty laws are constitutional if they require the judge and jury consider certain mitigating and aggravating circumstances in deciding which convicted murderers should be sentenced to death.
Mcclesky v kemp
the supreme court rejects a challenge of georgias death penalty on grounds of racial discrimination
roper v simmons
execution of offenders for crimes commited while under the age of 18 is unconstitutional
a writ or judicial order requesting the release of a persong being detained in a jail, a prison, or mental hospital. If a judge finds the person being help improperly, the writ is granted and the person is released.
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