20 terms

Intro to criminal justice quiz 3

what is the adversarial process
Lawyers for each side represent their clients' best intersts in presenting evidence and formulating arguments as a means to discover the truth and protect the rights of defendants
how many members make up the jury in most states
what are the roles of the prosecutor
- trial counsel for police
- house couensel for police
- representative of the court
- elected official
probable cause
an amount of reliable information indicating that it is more likely than not that evidence will be found in a specific location or that a specific person is guilty of a crime
Voir Dire
Challenge four cause- a prospective juror is removed for showing bias or some other legal disability

Peremptory challenge- a prospective juror is removed without attorneys giving any reason
specific deterrence
yourself is used to deter punishment
general deterrence
a whole group of people are used to deter punishment
a prosecutors pretrial disclosure to the defense of facts and evidence to be introduced
alternatives to bail
-release on recognizance
-percentage bail
-bail guidelines
-preventive detention
a written order directing an alleged offender to appear in court at a specific time to anser a criminal charge
Release on Recognizance (ROR)
pretrial release granted on the defendants promise to apper in court
precentage bail
-defendants may deposit a percentage of the full bail with the court
-the full amount of bail is required if the defendant fails to appear
-the percentage of bail is returned after disposition
bail guidelines
specify the standards judges should use in setting bail and also list appropriate amounts
preventative detention
holding a defendant for trial, based on a judges finding that if the defendant were released on bail, he or she would endanger the safety of others or would flee
furman v georgia
the death penalty, as administered, constitutes cruel and unusual punishment
gregg v georgia
death penalty laws are constitutional if they require the judge and jury consider certain mitigating and aggravating circumstances in deciding which convicted murderers should be sentenced to death.
Mcclesky v kemp
the supreme court rejects a challenge of georgias death penalty on grounds of racial discrimination
roper v simmons
execution of offenders for crimes commited while under the age of 18 is unconstitutional
habeas corpus
a writ or judicial order requesting the release of a persong being detained in a jail, a prison, or mental hospital. If a judge finds the person being help improperly, the writ is granted and the person is released.
nolle prosequi
an entry, made by a prosecutor on the record of a case and announced in court, indicating that the charges are specified will not be prosecuted. In effect, the charges are thereby dismissed.