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Unit 8 - The New England Colonies
Terms in this set (25)
Massachusetts Bay Colony
1630 - present day Boston by the Charles River, settled by the Puritans from England seeking to purify the Church of England. It was England's second permanent colony.
Puritan preacher who became the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
English Protestants who separated from the Church of England
Separatist group that traveled to America to gain religious freedom
A document that helped establish the practice of self-government for just and equal laws. Everyone had to follow the rule of the compact, but only men signed the contract.
English dissenters who wanted to purify or "cleanse" the Church of England
Puritan preacher who established Rhode Island. Unlike the Puritans of Massachusetts Bay, he was tolerant of other people's beliefs. Williams believed that all people were equal and that they had a right to worship as they wish. Because of his beliefs he paid the Native Americans, the Narragansett, for their land.
Puritan rebel who was banished from Massachusetts for holding sermons in her basement. She held secret meetings in her basement, was caught, and brought to trial. She established Portsmouth, Rhode Island.
Fundamental Orders of CT
A document that has been called the first written constitution in America.
Conservative Puritan preacher who held more tolerant beliefs than John Winthrop of Massachusetts. He took his followers and established Connecticut.
To be mistreated as a result of your religion , ideas, or beliefs. (During this time period, you would have been persecuted if you believed differently that that of the Church of England.)England.
To accept others' ideas and opinions.
To force someone to leave their home or village because of their beliefs or because of actions that have brought embarrassment or shame to the family.
Someone who goes on a journey for a religious purpose
To fight against authority; to have beliefs different from the norm, to fight against a parent's rule or an establishment's rules and procedures
Clear, purge, cleanse; to make pure. The Puritans wanted to purify the Church of England; they wanted to make it even better and stricter
Church of England
England, once catholic turned protestant after King Henry VIII split from the catholic church. The Church of England became the National church when King Henry VIII, its founder had been denied an annulment by the Pope. The king made all of England protestant and the Church of England Protestant. The church became very powerful.
Colony established by Roger Williams, a Puritan preacher, where all people could have their own beliefs.
Colony established by Thomas Hooker, a Puritan preacher, where people had freedom of religion, and the first written document of laws was established.
the practice of one person owning another person
The slave trade
A trade occurring in the 1500 and 1600s where Africans were bought and sold in exchange of weapons to work on the plantations in the New World.
The Triangular Trade
Trading network between Europe, Africa and the Americas during the 1600s, included the buying and selling of Africans in exchange for guns, molasses, and rum (also known as the middle passage)
New England economy
New Englanders were whalers, fishermen, sellers of lumber, shipbuilders, and traders
Rocky and mountainous due to glaciers from long ago. Lakes, rivers, Atlantic coastline, forests, short growing season
New England Colonies
Massachusetts, Maine (part of Massachusetts), Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Vermont
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