33 terms

Chapter 14 The Bureaucracy

Chapter 14 Vocabulary Words
The process of determining if a law or rule established by the bureaucracy has been broken.
Adverse Selection
Principal's lack of information about the abilities of an agent
Advisory Committees
Temporary or permanent organizations created to provide information and technical expertise to the Bureaucracy.
Agency Capture
A term used to describe when an agency seems to operate for the benefit of those whom it is supposed to regulate.
Appointment power
A power of the president that enables him or her to control the bureaucracy by selecting the people who will head its agency's
bounded rationality
Herbert Simon's theory that humans are not utility maximizers as suggested in classical rational choice models. Humans satisfice rather than maximize
The term used to refer to the agencies of the federal government. It also refers to an organizational framework and has negative connotations.
Cabinet departments
The 15 largest and most influential agencies of the federal bureaucracy.
Contracting Out
Hiring a private organization to deliver a public program or service.
The reduction or elimination of government rules and regulations that interfere with the efficient operation of market forces. It is often associated with conservatives who believe that government rules and regulations are a poor substitute for the natural discipline of free markets.
Executive Office of the President
The organizational structure in the executive branch that houses the president's most influential advisors and agencies. The most important include the White House Office, the Office of Management and Budget, the National Security Council, and the Council of Economic Advisers.
Executive Orders
Directives of the president that have the same weight as law and were not voted on by Congress.
Fire alarm oversight
Oversight that becomes active only when there is evidence of bureaucratic wrongdoing.
Government Corporations
Federally established businesses that are narrow in focus and are in part self-supporting
The limited ability of the president to not spend money appropriated by Congress.
Independent agencies
Federal Agencies that are not part of the cabinet-level executive departments. Members of these agencies serve fixed and overlapping terms and cannot be removed, which limits the president's control of them.
Iron Triangles
A term used to refer to the interdependent relationship among the bureaucracy, interest groups, and congressional committees.
Legislative Intent
The intention of Congress when it passes laws
Legislative veto
Measures that give Congress the ability to reject an action or decision of the Bureaucracy
Merit System
A system of governing in which jobs are given based on relevant technical expertise and the ability to perform.
Moral hazard
Principal's lack of information about he effort of an agent.
Neutral Competence
The idea that agencies should make decisions based on expertise rather than political considerations.
Overhead democracy
The idea that the bureaucracy is controlled through the oversight of elected officials, who are chosen by the people, thus giving the populace control over the bureaucracy.
Police Patrol Oversight
The active oversight of the bureaucracy by elected officials to make sure that they are acting according to the wishes of the people
Policy Subsystems
Networks of groups with an interest in a specific policy issue or area
Principal-agent model
A model explaining the relationship between Congress and the Bureaucracy, which states the relationship is similar to that between an employer who seeks to have work done (the principle) and an employee who does the work (the agent)
Regulatory Agencies and Commissions
Agencies that are independent of cabinet departments and are created by Congress to monitor and regulate specific areas of economic activity
A statement of the bureaucracy that interprets the law or prescribes a specific action. These rules have the force of law
The process of the bureaucracy deciding what the laws passed by Congress mean and how they should be carried out.
The idea that humans consider possible alternatives until they find one that is good enough to solve the problem at hand even though it might not be the "best" possible solution
Spoils System
A system of governing in which political positions and benefits are given to the friends of the winner
Standards of Due Process
The procedural guarantees provided to ensure fair treatment and constitutional rights
Sunshine Laws
Laws intended to keep the bureaucracy accountable to the people by requiring that agency meetings be open to the public