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Science- Newsela main idea quiz
Terms in this set (27)
estimated amount of cells in human body
about how many types of cells
cell size range
micrometers in an inch
2 main cell types
eukaryotic and prokaryotic
Which one has a nucleus
What does the nucleus store
What kingdoms are eukaryotic?
Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
What kingdoms are prokaryotic?
Bacteria and Archaea
Bacteria cells in the human body
bacteria helps with
bacteria is found where in the human body
digestive tract, on skin
DNA and RNA
Where prokaryotic store DNA
Eukaryotic stores DNA
nucleus protected by membrane
The nucleus controls the cell's growth and how it reproduces Mitochondria provide energy for the cell.
The endoplasmic reticulum creates carbohydrates, like sugar, and fats.
Ribosomes help create proteins.
The Golgi complex packages and ships the proteins and fats produced by the cell.
Lysosomes help with digesting substances inside the cell.
- Binary fission: "dividing in half"
- singular circular DNA molecule that is much smaller than those of eukaryotes
mitosis (asexual) and meiosis (sexual)
Groups of cells with a common structure and function.
Cell life span
Certain cells in the digestive tract live for only a few days, while some of the cells in the immune system can live up to six weeks. The immune system is the group of cells and organs that defend the body from small organisms that can harm it. Brain cells can live for a whole lifetime.
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually reproducing organisms
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