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the assigning by Congress of congressional seats after a census


the redrawing of congressional districts following the census, to accommodate population shifts and keep districts equal

safe seat

an elected office that predictably won by a specific party, so success of candidate is taken for granted

President Pro Tempore

Daniel Inouye

senate majority leader

Harry Reid

senate majority whip

Richard Durbin

senate minority leader

Mitch McConnell

senate minority whip

John Kyl

speaker of the house

John Boehner

house majority leader

Eric Cantor

house majority whip

Kevin McCarthy

house minority leader

nancy pelosi

house minority whip

Steny Hoyer

party caucus

a meeting of the members of a party in a chamber to select party leaders and develop party policies

closed rule

rule in house that prohibits any amendments to bills unless done by committee reporting on the bill

open rule

rule in house that permits floor amendments so long as it remains withing the allocated time for the bill


delay strategy used by senators


procedure for terminating debate (especially filibusters)

cloture rule

rule 22 when 16 member petition to move for cloture is passed the matter under debate is rejected

double tracking

disputed bill is put on hold


government handling and paying for your stuff


minimum number of members who must be present in order to business to be conducted

division vote

voting procedure where members stand are counted

voice vote

voting procedure where members shout "yay" or "nay"

teller vote

voting procedure in which members pass between two tellers. yay first then nay

House Rules Committee

sets the rules of considerations


process whereby a bill may be referred to several committees

pork barrel spending

legislation that gives benefits to folks back home

committee system

system developed by Congress to divide workload and make it more manageable

senatorial courtesy

Presidential custom of submitting the names of perspective appointees for approval to senators from the appointees state

standing committee

permanent committee, focusing on a policy area

select committee

committee created for specific purpose

joint committee

committee composed of members of both chambers

seniority rule

practice that assigns the chair of a committee or subcommittee to the member of the majority party with longest service

conference committee

committee appointed by the presiding officers of each chamber to adjust differences on a particular bill


mutual aid and vote trading among legislators

discharge petition

petition that if signed by majority of house members will pry a bill from committee and bring it to floor

pocket veto

veto exercised by the president after Congress has adjourned. if no action is taken for ten days then bill does not become law and returns to Congress

Kentucky 1st district

Ed Whitfield (R)

Kentucky 2nd district

Brett Guthrie (R)

KY 3rd district

John Yarmuth (D)

KY 4th district

Geoff Davis (R)

KY 5th district

Hal Rogers (R)

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