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attributes of organized crime
• Exhibits continuity over long periods of time
• Uses tactical and strategic or long‐term planning to
reach the goals of organized crime
• Governed by rules and codes of secrecy
• Seeks to monopolize products and services
• Has an organized hierarchy
• Uses force and intimidation
• Restricts membership
• Provides illegal good and services as demanded by
an agreement among or the combination of groups to undertake an enterprise beyond the resources of another member
a combination of producers to control, monopolize, and restrict competition of the sale and price of a particular product of service
refers to an association of individuals who wish to carry out a business transaction, usually financial in nature
earliest form of organized crime, established rules of conduct, recruited men with skillls, sold to colonists luxury items that were stolen from ships
american business men who began to monopolize the american economy by violent or corrupt means
southern organized crime, traveling criminals who formed partnerships based on enterprise or geographical location, had no central boss but subgroups
used "queer ladder of mobility" to explain o.c as means of finding wealth and power through expedient means
when a group of people shared similar interests and associate in a common environment, behavior is learned
five typologies: positivism (o.c is caused by social and economic factors like poor neighborhoods, bad influence, lack of support; change of conditions will deter crime), classicism (people consider pleasure and pain as guides to commiting a crime), structural (success equals assets and money, individual gain is goal), ethical perspective ( crime is a moral failure, self interest is driving force of existence)
boss who stole millions from the city and government by fraud, bid-rigging, overpricing goods, and services/kickbacks
bank secrecy act
first attempt to combat money laundering, banks must file a CRT for all transactions larger than 10,000 within 15 days, copy must be kept for 5 years
currency and monetary instrument report stating that anything excceeding 10,000 that leaves or enters u.s must be filed with IRS
three stages of money laundering
placement (getting proceeds into financial system), layering (layers used to conceal ownership of drugs, moved quickly to avoid seizure), integration (legitimize proceeds through front companies, off shore accounts, and banks)
black market peso exchange
used by cartels to launder narco-dollars by converting them into commerical goods and then export the goods from the us to columbia
joined together to tap the resources of local, state, and federal agencies to tackle organized drug trafficking
whats happens to forfeited assets?
given to state and local police departments by paying them overtime or to buy equipment to work on organized crime cases
why did the federal government expand its capacity to conduct undercover investigations?
so they could pose as corrupt bankers to the cartel and gain inteligence and evidence into their operations
pursueded by king pin of gulf cartel to leave military and become his "enforcers" after they were trained by the u.s - trafficking coke, weed, and meth into u.s through southwest border
bringing criminals back to the united states in order to prosecute them for their crimes, increasing
specially designated narcotics trafficker (king pin act)
seeks to expose, isolate, and incapacitate the financial infrastructure of the DTOs
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