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Social Studies 20-1 (Unit 2 Terms)
Terms in this set (40)
The interests of the people of a nation. This may include economic prosperity, security and safety, and beliefs and values.
A plan of action that guides a governments decisions about official relations with other
An extreme form of nationalism. These people are often fanatically loyal to their own nation and hostile and racist toward other nations.
Information and ideas that are spread to achieve a specific goal. Extreme nationalists may use misleading and dishonest information to create fear and insecurity and to persuade people to behave in certain ways.
Giving in to demands. A foreign policy practiced by Britain and the United States when they granted Hitler concessions in an effort to avoid World War II.
Compulsory military service. In Canada during WWI and WWII, the policy was controversial, especially among Francophones in Quebec.
Was an agreement between Germany and Britain in 1938. Under which Germany was allowed to extend its territory into parts of Czechoslovakia in which German-speaking people lived.
A statute empowering a person or body to take certain action, especially to make regulations, rules, or orders.
Night of the Long Knives
Was a purge that took place in Nazi Germany from June 30 to July 2, 1934, when the National Socialist German Workers Party, or Nazis, carried out a series of political extrajudicial executions intended to consolidate Hitler's absolute hold on power in Germany.
Night of Broken Glass (Kristallnacht)
The night of November 9, 1938, on which the Nazis coordinated an attack on Jewish people and their property in Germany, Austria, and the Sudetenland.
To remove all non-aryan persons.
The Nazi policy of exterminating European Jews. Introduced by Heinrich Himmler and administered by Adolf Eichmann, the policy resulted in the murder of 6 million Jews in concentration camps between 1941 and 1945.
They were antisemitic (hatred/discrimination against Jews) laws in Nazi Germany
Nuremberg War Crimes
Were a series of trials held between 1945 and 1949 in which the allies prosecuted German military leaders, political officials, industrialists, and financiers for crimes they had committed during World War II.
The killing of members of a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; and deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction.
Crimes Against Humanity
Widespread or systematic attacks against a civilian population, including murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation, imprisonment, torture, rape or sexual slavery, enforced disappearance of persons, and the crime of apartheid.
Wilful killing, torture, or inhuman treatment; wilfully causing great suffering; and intentionally directing attacks against a civilian population or against those who are involved in a humanitarian or peacekeeping mission.
The English term used to describe the genocide of about six million Jews by the Nazis during World War II.
A term that is used to make more socially acceptable the murder or expulsion of an ethnic nation from a territory.
The process that occurs in a former colony when an imperial power withdraws. Decolonized countries can exercise sovereignty under international law and can join the United Nations.
A country created from a previous state. By international law, the people who lived in the predecessor state have the right to nationality in the successor state or to choose their nationality if the predecessor state is divided into more than one state.
The power to control one's own affairs. National self-determination is the power of people within a nation-state or nation to make their own decisions about what is in their interest.
An organization formed in Washington, D.C. (1949), comprising the 12 nations of the Atlantic Pact together with Greece, Turkey, and the Federal Republic of Germany, for the purpose of collective defence against aggression.
A person devoted to nationalism.
An advocate of internationalism.
An advocate of ultranationalism.
Man-made famine in Ukraine in 1932-33 imposed by Stalin on Ukrainian peasants because they put up strongest resistance to his policies of collectivization and Russification.
A direct vote of the qualified voters of a state in regard to some important public question.
Forceful confinement in labour camps of peoples in Canada whose ethnic origin was in enemy countries during the World Wars.
the principle or practice of referring measures proposed or passed by a legislative body, head of state, etc., to the vote of the electorate for approval or rejection.
The tendency to regard military efficiency as the supreme ideal of the state and to subordinate all other interests to those of the military.
A governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism.
War Measures Act
A former law in Canada that allowed for the suspension of rights as they are normally guaranteed to protect security. It was used in WWI to intern Ukrainian Canadians, WWII to intern Japanese Canadians and during the October Crisis to allow the arrest of anyone suspected as working with the FLQ.
Wilson's 14 Points
A statement of principles for peace used for peace negotiations in order to end world war 1
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
League of Nations
A world organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace. It was first proposed in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson, although the United States never joined the League. Essentially powerless, it was officially dissolved in 1946.
a person or group that bears the blame for another
The union of Austria with Germany, resulting from the occupation of Austria by the German army in 1938.
Hitler's expansionist theory based on a drive to acquire "living space" for the German people
United Nations (UN)
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
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