PSY 1A CHAP 1 KEY PEOPLE
Terms in this set (28)
Who is Mary Whiton Calkins ?
She was the first woman to become president of the American Psychological Association .
What is Mary Whiton Calkins known for ?
She completed all the requirements for a Ph.D in psychology
She established a lab at Wellesley College
And was the first female to be president of the APA
Who is Charles Darwin ?
1809-1882 naturalist who had a huge impact on scientific thought, even though he was not a psychologist.
What is Darwin known for ?
Who profoundly influenced psychology, believed that complex organisms evolved from simper species. Wrote a book - THe Origin Of Species published in 1859 - evolution through the mechanism of natural seletion?
Who is Sigmund Freud ?
1856-1939 A man obsessed with fixed ideas
What is Sigmund Freud known for ?
Known for delivering 5 lectures on psychoanalysis. Believed that human behavior was motivated by unconcious conflicts that were almost always sexual or aggressive in nature.
Who is G Stanley Hall ?
1844-1924 One of William James most notable students.
What is G. Stanley Hall known for ?
1878 who recieved the first Ph.D. in psychology in the U.S.
What founded the first psychology research lab in the U.S. at John Hopkins University in 1883 ? Who began publishing the American Journal of Psychology - the first us journal devoted to psychology? Who founded the American Psychological Association in 1892 ?
Who is William James ?
1842-1910 Harvard Professor - Most outstanding
What is William James known for ?
Who stressed the importance adaptation to environmental challenges. 1870's he began teaching psychology and anatomy class. His book became the basis for functionalism.
What is Abraham Maslow ?
1908-1970 advocate of humanistic psychology
What is Abraham Maslow known for ?
Who was known for advocating humanistic psychology ? Who developed a theory of motivation that emphasized psychological growth?
Who is Ivan Pavlov ?
1849-1936 behavorism russian psysiologist
What is Ivan Pavlov known for ?
What behaviorism psyiologist was most known for his automatic behavios studies with dogs? Who believed that he had discovered how all behaviors are learned ?
Who is Carl Rodgers ?
1902-1987 Humanistic Psychology - importance of free will.
What is Carl Rodgers known for ?
Who was a humansitic psychologist, who emphasized on the concious experiences of his patients? Each person had their own unique potential for growth. Also emphasized self determination, free will, and the importance of choice in human behavior ?
Who is B. F. Skinner ?
1904-1990 who championed behaviorism in the 1920's
What is B. F. Skinner known for ?
Who championed behaviorism in the 1920's? Who was a famous American psychologist? Who believed that psychology should restrict itself to studying outwardly observable behaviors that could be measured and verfied. Who did compelling experiments with rats systematically using reinforcement or punishmnent ?
Who is Francis C. Sumner ?
1895-1954 Who was the first African American to earn a Ph.D. in psychology?
What is Francis C. Sumner known for ?
Who became the first American to earn a Ph.D. in psychology? Who studied at Clark University ? Who became chairman of the psychology department in Washington, D.C. ? Who developed a psychology program at Howard University that became the lead in country training black psychologists?
Who is Edward B. Titchener ?
1867-1927 Structuralism and one of Wundts most devoted students
What is Edward B. Titchener known for ?
Who was born in England, and studied in Germany? Who was one of Wundts most devoted students? Who became a professor at Cornell University in 1892 ? Who welcomed females into the graduate program ?
Who is Margaret Floy Washburn ?
1871-1939 Who was the first american woman to earn an official Ph.d. in psychology ?
What is Margaret Floy Washburn known for ?
Who was the first female to earn an official Ph. D. in psychology? Who was the second woman to be elected president of the APA ?
Who is John B. Watson ?
1878-1936 who wrote the classic book Behaviorism ?
What is John B. Watson known for ?
Who was known for writing the book Behaviorism? Who was a U.S. dynamic psychologist. Who championed behaviorism as a new school of psychology? Who strongly objected to the structuralism 's method of introspection and concious mental processes ?
Who is Wilhelm Wundt ?
1832-1920 Who was a German Psychologist the founder of psychology as an experimental science?
What is Wilhelm Wundt known for ?
Who was a German Psychologist that was the founder of psychology as an experimental science ? Who published a lanmark text Princaples of Psysiological Psychology 1874 ? Who opened the first research lab at the University of Leipsig in 1879 - who many regaurd as the marking of psychology as an experimental science.
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PSY 1A CHAP 1 KEY TERMS
PSY 1A CHAP 2 KEY TERMS
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PSY 1A CHAP 3 KEY PEOPLE