22 terms

Society and Culture - Personal and Social Identity

STUDY
PLAY
the self and self-concept
the mental image one has of oneself
socialisation
process whereby an individual learns to become an accepted and fully functioning member of a society
social construct
The process by which people creatively shape reality through social interaction
life stages
stages of growth and development experienced by an individual from birth to death
life courses
Stages from birth to death (childhood, adolescence, adulthood, old age)
roles and status
the activities people are expected to perform and each carries a status reflecting the general esteem given to it by society
rights and responsibilities
People have a fundamental right to life and those things that make life truly human: food, clothing, housing, health care, education and security. Corresponding to these rights are duties and responsibilities to one another, to our families, and to the larger society.
kinship
A social bond based on common ancestry, marriage, or adoption
class
A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more stimuli and anticipate events
ethnicity
A social division based on national origin, religion, language, and often race.
family
A group of intimates who through their communication generates a sense of home and group identity, complete with strong ties of loyalty and emotion and experience a history and a future.
culture
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people.
gender
A socially and culturally constructed set of distinctions between masculine and feminine sets of behaviors that is promoted and expected by society
sexuality
Broad term that includes anatomy, gender roles, relationships, and a persons thoughts, feelings, and attitude about sex
beliefs
Conceptions that people accept as true, concerning how the world operates and where the individual fits in relationship to others.
location
Absolute-Describes an exact location using coordinates such as latitude and longitude.
status
A position a person occupies within a social structure.
peers
Individuals who are approximately the same age and are linked by common interests, including friends, classmates, and the "kids in the neighborhood," are most appropriately referred to as peers
school
Agent of socialization- effect self image, beliefs and values
media
the main means of mass communication (television, radio, and newspapers) regarded collectively.
nature versus nurture
A debate surrounding the relative importance of heredity (nature) and environment (nurture) in determining behavior
adolescence
A culturally defined period of maturation from the time of puberty until adulthood that occurs in some, but not all, cultures.