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Terms in this set (34)
Articles of Confederation 1777
the nation's first constitution, was adopted by the Second Continental Congress in 1781 during the Revolution.
AOC Challenges to power
-no direct meeting location
-continental army not paid.
The Articles' weakness was that they gave the federal government so little power that it couldn't keep the country united.
Robert Morris, Gouvenor Morris, Alexander Hamilton, armies pay was overdue, threatened to force the states into surrendering more power to the national government.
Succes of AOC
-Got the Ohio Valley.
Northwest Territory Ordinance
Law that described how the Territory was to be governed
The bill had many democratic rights
As the territory grew in population it would gain rights to self-governmentalso room for education
by thomas jefferson
by Daniel Shay
Lead a group from mass. to protest debtors who haven't repaid debt. if debt not repaid @ mass. colonist would be jailed & owned land would be taken away.
-Denied the right to vote if attempted to rebel or revolt with 3 years.
-Government consist of 2 houses
-Upper house appointed by state; based on population
-lower house elected;based on population
(large state plan)
New Jersey Plan
-One Functioning government
-Equal # of each state
-Concept of a 3 man presidency
(small state plan)
by William Patterson
The Great Compromise
-SENATE upper house selected by states (2 reps per state)
-HOUSE OF REP.Lower house selected vary by # of pop.;2 year terms;determined revenue of america
-Slave states can count a % of slaves as citizens
-pay more taxes on higher pop.
-one slave was determined to equal 3/5 of a person when considering the population of a state
-creates 2 view points of gov.
-Supported a strong central government, advocated the ratification of the new constitution
-Alexander hamilton,james madison,John Jay wrote 80+ essays over the gov.
-Opposed a strong central government, skeptical about undemocratic tendencies in the Constitution,
-insisted on Bill of Rights; included Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe
-believed wealthy would take control.
-responsible for appointing secretary of state, and sec of treasury.
-Adopted in the first session of the First United States Congress,
-created the federal court system
First population count
-basis of taxation
-determine population growth
Alexander Hamiltons Plans
-Pay state debts(alligence)
-Excise taxes import/export ( unnecessary product)
-Bank of United states
Bank of United states
-depository for gov.
-open to the public.
-hold app. 10M
-2M from gov; 8M from investors.
The second great democratic revolution, taking place in the 1790s, after the American Revolution had been proven to be a success.
-U.S. did nothing to aid either side. The French people overthrew the king and his government, and then instituted a series of unsuccessful democratic governments until Napoleon took over as dictator in 1799.
-Penn. exile tax for 3 years.
-president took military force 15,000 soldiers
-Whiskey producers complied in less than a day
*first time constitution was enforced
Presidency of John Adams
-resident by three votes in 1796.
-Known for his quarrel with France, and was involved in the xyz Affair, Quais War, and the Convention of 1800.
- "respectful irritation".
-3 delegates go to france to offer a treaty
-france demanded money to negotiate (bribe)
Bill of rights
-created to protect individuals from government interference and possible tyranny.
-drafted by a group led by James Madison, consisted of the first ten amendments to the Constitution -guaranteed the civil rights of American citizens.
-deportation of possible spies.
-Anything critical posted in newspaper considered treason
-has to be in country of 14 years to gain citizenship
Alien Enemies Act
-deport foreigners who came from countries that were at war with the U.S
compare the view towards slavery by articles of confederation and constitution
Articles- States were given the right to decide for slavery or not as a state
constitution- gives federal gov the ability to restrict slave trade.
-live in acceptance
-protect rights of individuals
-make a better gov.
(father of constitution)
-introduced virginia plan
-introduced new jersey plan
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History Chapter 1&2&3&4
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