Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
Smith test 1
Terms in this set (49)
Another name for the Book of Revelation, the final book of the Bible, which is attributed to St. John and written during his exile on the island of Patmos. This prophetic work in symbolic language was meant to encourage and strengthen persecuted Christians by foretelling the final victory of Christ and his Church over sin and evil.
the first of the seven sacraments and the door that gives access to other sacraments; first and chief sacrament of forgiveness of sins because the baptized Christian receives the remission of both personal and Original sin. It incorporates a person into the church, the Body of Christ
Describes any book purporting to be inspired but ultimately not accepted by the Church as part of Sacred Scripture (the Bible).
CA specific gift or grace of the Holy Spirit which directly or indirectly benefits the Church, given in order to help a person live out the Christian life, or to serve the common good in building up the Church.
Generally, the entire assembly of the faithful People of God; more specifically, particularly when spelled with a capital C, it refers to the Catholic Church. The word comes from the Greek ekklesia, meaning assembly.
Recounted in Acts 15, this synod of the Apostles AD 49 or 50 spoke with the authority of Christ in deciding that Gentile converts to Christianity did not have to be circumcised according to the Law of Moses.
Council of Jerusalem
An ancient heretical sect that believed, among other things, that salvation came from obtaining secret experiential knowledge.
from the Greek oikoumene, meaning "the whole inhabited world." A formal synod of bishops from the whole inhabited world convened to define doctrine, regulate the Christian life, or apply discipline in the Church.
The eternal state of supreme and definitive happiness with God; communion of life and love with the Trinity and all the blessed.
The worship of God in Heaven by the angels and saints, led by Christ the High Priest, who re-presents the sacrificial offering of himself to the Father, thus renewing the work of our redemption.
Greek for "witness." A witness to the truth of the Faith in which a Christian endures suffering and even death for Christ.
In the Old Testament, the sign of the office of prime minister, who is appointed by the king to have primacy over all his other servants; in the New Testament, Jesus gives the "keys to the kingdom" to St. Peter, indicating that he would be both the leader in this Church and Christ's own representative on earth- in other words, the first Pope.
Keys of the Kingdom
the principle sacramental celebration and worship of the Catholic Church, established by Jesus at the Last Supper, in which the mystery of salvation through participation in the sacrificial Death and glorious Resurrection of Christ is renewed and accomplished; also called the Eucharist or Lord's Supper.
All the faithful from among humanity who seek and desire to know and love God.
People of God
A Jewish festival, fifty days after Passover, Celebrating the giving of the Law to Moses at Sinai. On the fiftieth day after the Resurrection, the Holy Spirit was manifested, given, and communicated to the Apostles, fulfilling the mission of Christ. This is the "birthday" of the Church.
The position of being first in rank or authority. The Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles bear witness to St. Peter's primacy among the Apostles.
Primacy of Peter
The inspired Word of God; the written record of God's Revelation and by the Holy Spirit.
The literal meaning of the name Peter, taken from its Greek form Petros. Jesus gave St. Peter his name to indicate that he would be the "rock" upon which Jesus would build his Church.
From the Latin tradere, meaning "to hand on." Refers to the process of passing on the Gospel message. It began with the oral communication of the Gospel by the Apostles, was written down in the Scriptures, and is interpreted by the Magisterium under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.
In its more specific sense, any individual who has died and been canonized by the Catholic Church, meaning that the person is known to be in Heaven. The members of the Church on earth, the People of God, are also called saints.
Term used for the Pope that emphasizes his role as a representative of Christ himself; from the Latin vicarius, meaning "in the person of."
Vicar of Christ
How did Paul die and when, and where did he do his missionary work?
Roman Empire, beheaded (c. 62-65 A.D.)
How did Peter die and when, and where did he do his missionary work?
Jerusalem, Rome, crucified (64 A.D.)
How did John die and when, and where did he do his missionary work?
Rome, exiled (unknown)
How did Thomas die and when, and where did he do his missionary work?
India, Speared (unknown)
What should our mission as Catholics?
To teach others of our faith and to know and serve our Lord
What is the mission statement of Jesus?
"For the son of man has come to seek and to save what is lost" Lk 19:10
What is the mission statement of the church?
"p'anta ta ethne" or people groups
What are the two main obstacles to happiness?
Sin and Death
What does sin do?
it separates us from God and others
What does death do?
It separates the soul from the body and from others
Why was the council of Jerusalem formed?
to decide if gentile converts needed to observe the Mosaic Law (ex. circumcision and dietary rules)
What was the decision of the council of Jerusalem?
we are saved by the grace of Christ, not the Mosaic Law.
What is the Gospel?
it is Inclusive and exclusive
Transcultural and countercultural
and it is not culture bound or ethnocentric but universa (Catholic)
why is the Gospel inclusive and exclusive?
It is inclusive because everyone who believes in Jesus is invited into it and it is exclusive because those who refuse to believe are excluded
How is the Gospel transcultural or countercultural?
It is transcultural because it spreads throughout different cultures and is for our faith and it is countercultural because it goes across all faiths but can be against it and sinful
What are the Apostolic fathers?
writers who came just after the apostles
they had direct contact with the apostles
they lived holy lives, and taught our faith correctly
What did St. Ignatius of Antioch do?
(50-c. 107 A.D.) he was arrested under the rule of Trajan
He said "I am God's wheat, and I am ground by the teeth of Wild Beasts, that I may be found Christ's bread", and he wrote 7 letters on his way to die in Rome and was killed by being fed to lions
What is the Trajans Rescript
(112 A.D.) Christianity was declared a crime by refuting heresies
If the Christians renounced their faith and offered sacrifice (worship) to the Roman Gods, they would be allowed to live
What did St. Polycarp do?
he said "Lord, I bless you for judging me worthy of this day..."
he was the 1st to use the term "Catholic Church"
He was fed to lions in the coliseum
What were Catholics often accused of doing/being?
sacrificing babies & drinking blood
blamed for natural disasters
Vox populi (Latin)
voice of the people
What did God say to St. Polycarp as he was about to be killed?
"be strong polycarp and play the man"
What did Tertullian say is the blood of martyrs to the church?
(Ec) What are the 5 most dangerous places to be a Catholic in the modern world?
North Korea, Iran, Afghanistan, saritrea, Pakistan
What does contingent mean?
something that occurs only if something else happens first
Sets with similar terms
Chapter 3 Religion New Book
Theology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Chapter 3 Theology Vocabulary
Other sets by this creator
Religion Final Study Guide
American Lit A Final Study Guide
Religion Unit 4 Test
Human body systems thermoregulation test
Other Quizlet sets
physiology chapter 7
Foundations Chapter 20
Practice Midterm- Social Studies- No Vocab
Psychology Review Guide