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WESTERN CIV QUIZ 10
Terms in this set (31)
Was a geographical unit. Usually consisting of villages and the land around them.
Would work a portion of the land that is assigned to them known as manors. Owned everything to the Lord of the Manor. Large population were these. Lived in small cottages. Women were involved with planting.
Lord of the Manor
He owns the land. Feudal loyalties to the nobility of the food chain.
From the Latin word mendicare, meaning "to beg". A mutation of monks. Evolution of monasticism. There are two types of these the Dominicans and the Franciscans. Emergence of these tracks along with the emergence of the city and state urban centers.
The orders of preachers founded by St. Dominic. Their speciality is teaching and preaching . Thomas Aquinas was this.
Most famous is Francis of Assisi. He is the founder of this. Interested in being poor because they believe that Christ himself was poor.
King of England. Reigned from 1154-1189. Developed the emergence of English common law. Advanced in government precision. Duke of France and Duke of oonju and has half of France as Duke. Is a savy ruler. Concerned about clear laws and how taxes are going to be acquired. He took a system from the Anglo-Saxons called the reeves. Acutely concerned about criminous clarks. Was able to get buddy archbishop of Canterbury.
Every local territory in England was called a shire. There would be a royal official in the shire. Every shire has a reeve (royal official). Elect the sheriffs. The agent locally for the crown. Execute the king's laws.
Archbishop Thomas Becket
A Chancellor and former friend to King Henry II who fought with the king over "criminous clerks." He became Archbishop of Canterbury and was eventually murdered by the king's knights in his own church during morning mass in 1170. This created a martyr. Has a conversion experience. Rejected the Constitutions of Clarendon. There was a shrine built for him. Stood as a symbol of churches independent state.
Constitutions of Clarendon
Henry passed these laws in England. Abolished the benefit of clergy.
Compromise of Avranches
in 1172 marked the reconciliation of Henry II of England with the Catholic Church after the Becket controversy from 1163, which culminated with the murder in 1170 of Thomas Becket.
King of England. Reigned 1199-1216. Son of Henry II. Is broke because his brother Richard blew all the money and he has to sustain the lands back in France in 1212. He ended up having to raise taxes. Landowners turned on him and had a long list of grievances.
is a document signed by King John by force, and lawfully stated that no one can surpass the law, not even the king. It states that every man has trial to jury and has a right to speak in court. King John promise to not break any of these rules, and if he did he would be impeached and excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church. Mostly protected the barons.
A body of representatives that makes laws for a nation.
House of Lords
Can delay bills passed by the HoC for up to one year. However, they cannot delay money bills (a bill containing significant financial measures). According to the Salisbury convention, can't defeat measures outlined in the government's manifesto. They also possess some veto powers; these powers can't be overridden by the Commons, and include; delays to General Elections, the sacking of senior judges, and the introduction of secondary or delegated legislations.
House of Commons
The first legislative body of Parliament whose members are elected. Supreme legislative power; in theory, they can make, unmake and amend any law it wishes, with the Lords only being able to delay these laws. The legal sovereignty of Parliament is this exercised by these .They alone can also remove the government of the day; due to the convention of collective ministerial responsibility..
King of England from 1272 to 1307. Reassert the authority of the crown and does so by winning over the people of England and goes on conquest to the west into Wales and kills the king and cuts his head off and takes it to London as a prize. He builds fortifications and they are famously known as the Iron Ring. Makes his son the heir of the Throne and prince of Wales. Ends up capturing the stone of stone and sticks under his own throne. Summons two representatives from every shire.
Little Ice Age
In the 14th Century. In the 1300's weather got colder and wetter in Europe and as a result caused a major decline in agriculture and food production. Crops failed. could not travel by ship, and the death of livestock. Between 1315 and 1322 Europe had a great famine. The people who did not starve ate so little that they were susceptible too diseases and as a consequence there was a major population decline. Entire viking colony of Greenland disappears. They looked for someone to blame.
Great Western Schism
1378-1418. Two different popes at the same time.
City neighborhoods in which European Jews were forced to live.
Jews had to wear recognizable symbols on their clothes.
The jews were regularly blamed for the problems of minor society.
An accusation that Jewish people used the blood of Christians in religious rituals, especially in the preparation of Passover bread (Matza bread), that was perpetrated throughout the Middle Ages and (sporadically) until the early 20th century. Rise in Antisemitism.
Hundred Years War
Starts in 1337. Major war between England and France. It was costly and was brutal. It lasted so long in which it get's it's name from. The French assumed full control of Aquitane, which England interpreted as breaking the Treaty of Paris and retaliated. The Dukes of Burgandy side with the English and their troops to fight with the English against their fellow frenchman. People are dead before it is halfway over. Finally ends in 1453.
Edward III making claim through his mother and saying I cannot claim inheritance through a women. French made up this now.
Battle of Agincourt
One of English victories in the Hundred Years War England's unexpected victory against the numerically superior French army boosted English morale and prestige, crippled France, and started a new period of English dominance in the war. Many soldiers died from disease. 20 years later by Joan of Arc.
Joan of Arc
1412-1481. "The maid."' Young rich peasant girl. Supposedly had a vision from God and able to rally the French troops and has an audience of the British King. Was captured and burned alive by the English as a witch.
Bubonic Plague (Black Death)
Appears in Europe in 1347. Around 1300 Europeans are engaging in more and more trade by ships sailing in the Eastern Mediterranean. Along trade route came with a disease. This disease was carried by fleas that rode on rats. rats that rode on trading caravans, and rats that traveled on the ships back into the Italian forts of Europe. By the 1340's this was in Italy and later on northern Europe. Takes roughly a week for you to die. In 1947 there finally came out with a cure. Some communities lost half of their population. It caused two notable things for the living they would gather resources and a deeper cultural awareness of death.
The period of Church history from 1309 to 1378 when the popes lived and ruled in Avignon, France instead of in Rome.
Counsel of Constance
The council in 1414-1418 that succeeded in ending the Great Schism in the Roman Catholic Church. Pope Martin V returned the papacy to Rome.
Fall of Constantinople
Finally overcome by the Ottoman turks in 1453 after constant attack by Germanic/European tribes, Persians and Muslims
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