Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
17. Marius and Sulla
Terms in this set (24)
What name was given to the followers of the Gracchi?
Characterize the populares.
• Tended to use tribunes rather that the senate
What group opposed the populares?
Characterize the optimates.
Favoured the power of the senate
From where did Marius come?
Where did Marius gain his first political success?
Name the king of Numidia.
When did the Jugurthine wars commence?
How did Jugurtha gain initial advantage over the Romans?
• Clever military tactics
• Bribery of corrupt officials
In what year did Marius stand for consulship?
What promise did Marius make during his run for consul?
He promised to end the Jugurthine war in one year.
Who actually captured Jugurtha?
L. Cornelius Sulla
Name the two Germanic tribes that had become troublesome to Rome.
From where had the Teutones and the Cimbri first come?
Where and when did the Teutones and Cimbri defeat a consular army?
Aurasio, Transalpina, 105 BC
Where and when did Marius defeat the Teutones?
Aquae Sextiae, 102 BC
Where and when did Marius defeat the Cimbri?
Vercellae, 101 BC.
Why did Marius enter retirement?
Outmaneuvered by his political foes
State two ways in which Marius improved the professionalism of the army.
• Introduction of standing legions
• Introduction of standards
How did Marius improve enlistment numbers?
Equipped soldiers at state expense
What was the effect on soldiers' loyalties that resulted from Marius' reforms.
• Soldiers were loyal to commanders rather than to the state.
When did Sulla come to prominence?
Social War, 91-88 BC
What event likely caused animosity between Marius and Sulla?
Marius did not credit Sulla with the capture of Jugurtha
What issue sparked the Social War?
Roman antipathy toward enfranchising its allies
Sets found in the same folder
15. The Pressures of Empire
32. Roman Slavery
16. The Gracchi Brothers
33. The Family
Sets with similar terms
字彙即時通4500—7000 (一) 1-2
History Terms for the Spring Final
Other sets by this creator
Holy Roman Emperors 18th Century
Holy Roman Emperors 17th Century
Holy Roman Emperors 16th Century
Holy Roman Emperors 15th Century
Other Quizlet sets
Ways to conceptualize the founding
Hoovers Final Exam
History exam 16, 17 and 19
What is it called when when customers are paid for the continuous usage of their product while their competitor still uses their company?
Which best explains how the change by Palestinians from violence to negotiation affected their case for independence?
What were the proscriptions [or the proscription lists]?
5. How long did it take to draw up the 1849 California constitution?